Learning Spatial Relationships From 3D Vision Using Histograms

Severin Fichtl, Andrew McManus, Wail Mustafa, Dirk Kraft, Norbert Krüger, Frank Guerin

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review

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Abstract

Effective robot manipulation requires a vision system which can extract features of the environment which determine what manipulation actions are possible. There is existing work in this direction under the broad banner of recognising 'affordances'. We are particularly interested in possibilities for actions afforded by relationships among pairs of objects. For example if an object is 'inside' another or 'on top' of another. For this there is a need for a vision system which can recognise such relationships in a scene. We use an approach in which a vision system first segments an image, and then considers a pair of objects to determine their physical relationship. The system extracts surface patches for each object in the segmented image, and then compiles various histograms from looking at relationships between the surface patches of one object and those of the other object. From these histograms a classifier is trained to recognise the relationship between a pair of objects. Our results identify the most promising ways to construct histograms in order to permit classification of physical relationships with high accuracy. This work is important for manipulator robots who may be presented with novel scenes and must identify the salient physical relationships in order to plan manipulation activities.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 2014 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation
PublisherIEEE
Publication date2014
Pages501-508
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-4799-3685-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014
EventIEEE International Conference on Robotics & Automation - Hong Kong Convention and Exhibition Cente, Hong Kong, China
Duration: 31. May 20147. Jun 2014

Conference

ConferenceIEEE International Conference on Robotics & Automation
LocationHong Kong Convention and Exhibition Cente
Country/TerritoryChina
CityHong Kong
Period31/05/201407/06/2014

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