Karman, Prāyaścitta, and Disease: A Reading of the Karmavipāka Digression in Mādhavācārya’s Parāśaramādhavīya

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    Abstract

    Compared to the ancient Vedic and Buddhist texts on the possibility of averting negative karman the discussions of karmavipāka in Mādhava’s work have moved far away. Not only is it possible to prevent the negative karman that has not yet started to work but even parts of the prārabdhakarman that manifests in people’s present life in the form of disease can be averted. By being open to the possibility of using penance also in case of present disease, Mādhava’s discussion is an example of a late development. As such it is an example showing that the process of dharmaśāstra is not as static and conservative as it is often presented, but rather – within in its own idiom – an ongoing dynamic process of adaptations and change.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationBody and Cosmos : Studies in Early Indian Medical and Astral Sciences in Honor of Kenneth G. Zysk
    EditorsToke Lindegaard Knudsen, Jacob Schmidt-Madsen, Sara Speyer
    Place of PublicationLeiden
    PublisherBrill
    Publication date15. Oct 2020
    Pages166-183
    Chapter9
    ISBN (Print)978-90-04-43669-5
    ISBN (Electronic)978-90-04-43822-4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 15. Oct 2020
    SeriesSir Henry Wellcome Asian Studies
    Volume20
    ISSN1570-1484

    Keywords

    • Disease
    • Karman
    • Prāyaścitta
    • Parāśaramādhavīya

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