ITSN1: a novel candidate gene involved in autosomal dominant neurodevelopmental disorder spectrum

Ange Line Bruel*, Antonio Vitobello, Isabelle Thiffault, Linda Manwaring, Marcia Willing, Pankaj B. Agrawal, Allan Bayat, Thomas M. Kitzler, Catherine A. Brownstein, Casie A. Genetti, Joseph Gonzalez-Heydrich, Parul Jayakar, Jacob W. Zyskind, Zehua Zhu, Clemence Vachet, Gena R. Wilson, Brianna Pruniski, Anne Marie Goyette, Yannis Duffourd, Christel Thauvin-RobinetChristophe Philippe, Laurence Faivre

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


ITSN1 plays an important role in brain development. Recent studies in large cohorts of subjects with neurodevelopmental disorders have identified de novo variants in ITSN1 gene thereby suggesting that this gene is involved in the development of such disorders. The aim of this study is to provide further proof of such a link. We performed trio exome sequencing in a patient presenting autism, intellectual disability, and severe behavioral difficulties. Additional affected patients with a neurodevelopmental disorder harboring a heterozygous variant in ITSN1 (NM_003024.2) were collected through a worldwide collaboration. All patients underwent detailed phenotypic and genetic assessment and data was collected and shared by healthcare givers. We identified ten novel patients from eight families with heterozygous truncating or missense variants in ITSN1 gene. In addition, four previously published patients from large meta-analysis studies were included. In total, 7/14 patients presented a de novo variant in ITSN1. All patients showed neurodevelopmental disorders from autism spectrum disorders (90%), intellectual disability (86%), and epilepsy (30%). We demonstrated that truncating variants are in the first half of ITSN1 whereas missense variants are clustered in C-terminal region. We suggest ITSN1 gene is involved in development of an autism spectrum disorder with variable additional neurodevelopmental deficiency, thus confirming the hypothesis that ITSN1 is important for brain development.

Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean Journal of Human Genetics
Pages (from-to)111-116
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2022

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© 2021, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to European Society of Human Genetics.


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