Is There a Need for Cultural Adaptation of the Last Aid Course? A Mixed-Methods Study across the Danish-German Border

Georg Bollig*, Mariam Safi, Marina Schmidt, Hermann Ewald

*Corresponding author for this work

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Last Aid courses (LAC) have been established in 20 countries in Europe, Australia, and America to improve the public discourse about death and dying and to empower people to contribute to end-of-life care in the community. A mixed-methods approach was used to investigate the views of LAC participants about the course and cultural differences in relation to care and nursing at the end of life in the border region of Germany and Denmark. One-day workshops were held, including Last Aid courses in German and Danish, focus group interviews, and open discussions by the participants. The results show that almost all participants appreciate the LAC as an option to talk and learn about death and end-of-life care. The informants find individual differences more important than cultural differences in end-of-life care but describe differences connected to regulations and organization of services across the border. Suggestions for adaptation and improvement of the LAC include the topics of organization and support across the border, religions, and cultures, and supporting people in grief. The findings of the study will inform a revision of the Last Aid curriculum and future projects across the border and will help to include the views of minorities.

Original languageEnglish
Article number658
JournalHealthcare (Switzerland)
Issue number4
Number of pages16
Publication statusPublished - 31. Mar 2022

Bibliographical note

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© 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.


  • citizens
  • Last Aid course
  • mixed methods
  • palliative care
  • public palliative care education
  • qualitative interview


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