International comparisons of behavioral and emotional problems in preschool children: parents' reports from 24 societies

Leslie A Rescorla, Thomas M Achenbach, Masha Y Ivanova, Valerie S Harder, Laura Otten, Niels Bilenberg, Gudrun Bjarnadottir, Christiane Capron, Sarah S W De Pauw, Pedro Dias, Anca Dobrean, Manfred Dopfner, Michel Duyme, Valsamma Eapen, Nese Erol, Elaheh Mohammad Esmaeili, Lourdes Ezpeleta, Alessandra Frigerio, Daniel S S Fung, Miguel GoncalvesHalldor Guðmundsson, Suh-Fang Jeng, Roma Jusiene, Young Ah Kim, Solvejg Kristensen, Jianghong Liu, Felipe Lecannelier, Patrick W L Leung, Barbara Cesar Machado, Rosario Montirosso, Kyung Ja Oh, Yoon Phaik Ooi, Julia Pluck, Rolando Pomalima, Jetishi Pranvera, Klaus Schmeck, Mimoza Shahini, Jaime R Silva, Zeynep Simsek, Andre Sourander, Jose Valverde, Jan van der Ende, Karla G Van Leeuwen, Yen-Tzu Wu, Sema Yurdusen, Stephen R Zubrick, Frank C Verhulst

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


International comparisons were conducted of preschool children's behavioral and emotional problems as reported on the Child Behavior Checklist for Ages 1½-5 by parents in 24 societies (N = 19,850). Item ratings were aggregated into scores on syndromes; Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-oriented scales; a Stress Problems scale; and Internalizing, Externalizing, and Total Problems scales. Effect sizes for scale score differences among the 24 societies ranged from small to medium (3-12%). Although societies differed greatly in language, culture, and other characteristics, Total Problems scores for 18 of the 24 societies were within 7.1 points of the omnicultural mean of 33.3 (on a scale of 0-198). Gender and age differences, as well as gender and age interactions with society, were all very small (effect sizes 
Translated title of the contributionInternational sammenligning af adfærds- og emotionelle problemer rapporteret hos førskolebørn
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)456-67
Number of pages12
Publication statusPublished - 2011

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