Intake of sugar sweetened soft drinks among adolescents: Trends and social inequality in Denmark 2002-2018

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Intake of sugar sweetened soft drinks (SSSD) has decreased among adolescents, but trends in social inequality in SSSD intake are unknown.

AIM: Examine trends in social inequality in SSSD intake among adolescents in Denmark during 2002-2018.

METHODS: Five Health Behaviour in School-aged Children surveys with data on SSSD intake and parents' occupational social class (OSC) from nationally representative samples of 11, 13 and 15 year olds, n =20,112.

RESULTS: The overall prevalence of daily SSSD intake decreased from 10.1% in 2002 to 6.4% in 2018. The prevalence decreased in both high OSC (from 8% to 5%) and middle OSC (from 10% to 6%) but remained around 12% in low OSC. The odds ratio (OR) estimates of low compared with high OSC increased over the years around an overall OR of 2.01 (1.74-2.34).

CONCLUSIONS: Danish adolescents' SSSD intake decreased during 2002-2018 and was higher the lower the parents' OSC. Thus, social inequality increased during 2002-2018.

Original languageEnglish
JournalNutrition and Health
Volume26
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)3-8
ISSN0260-1060
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2020

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • HBSC
  • social inequality
  • socioeconomic status
  • sugar sweetened soft drinks
  • trend study

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