Intake of dietary fibre, red and processed meat and risk of late-onset chronic inflammatory diseases: A prospective Danish study on the “diet, cancer and health” cohort

Katrine Hass Rubin, Nathalie Fogh Rasmussen, Inge Petersen, Tine Iskov Kopp, Egon Stenager, Melinda Magyari, Merete Lund Hetland, Anette Bygum, Bente Glintborg, Vibeke Andersen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Background: Human and animal studies support the involvement of diet in the development of CID-chronic inflammatory diseases such as inflammatory bowel disease, psoriasis, rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, and multiple sclerosis. Objective: This cohort study aimed to investigate the association between intake of fibre, red and processed meat, and occurrence of late-onset CID (50+ years of age) in the DCH: Danish Diet, Cancer and Health cohort. We hypothesised that risk of late-onset CID would be lower among those with high intake of fibre and/or low intake of meat compared to individuals with low fibre and/or high meat intake. Methods: The DCH recruited 56,468 individuals, aged 50-64 years, between 1993 and 1997. At recruitment, diet intake was registered using food frequency questionnaires as well as lifestyle factors in 56,075 persons. Exposure variables were generated as sex-adjusted tertiles of fibre and meat (g/day). Development of CIDs was identified in national registries. Hazard ratios (HR) of late-onset CIDs (adjusted for age, sex, energy intake, alcohol, smoking, education, comorbidity, and civil status) were estimated for all three exposure variables. Results: During follow-up of 1,123,754 years (median (Interquartile range) = 22.2 (20.1-23.1)), 1,758 (3.1%) participants developed at least one CID. The adjusted HRs for developing CID (low fibre 1.04 [0.89-1.22] and medium fibre 1.04 [0.91-1.18] (high fibre as reference), and medium meat 0.96 [0.86-1.09] and high meat 0.94 [0.82-1.07] (low meat as reference)) or the individual diseases were not statistically significant. Conclusion: This large study did not support that a high intake of fibre and/or a low intake of meat had a high impact on the risk of late-onset CID.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Medical Sciences
Volume17
Issue number16
Pages (from-to)2487-2495
ISSN1449-1907
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Keywords

  • Chronic inflammatory diseases
  • Dietary fibre
  • Processed meat
  • Red meat

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