Influence of Prior Psychiatric Disorders on the Treatment Course of Gynaecological Cancer – A Nationwide Cohort Study

M. Iachina*, P. M. Ljungdalh, R. G. Sørensen, L. Kaerlev, J. Blaakær, O. Trosko, N. Qvist, B. M. Nørgård

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

Aims: To examine the influence of pre-existing psychiatric disorder on the choice of treatment in patients with gynaecological cancer. Materials and methods: The analyses were based on all patients who underwent surgical treatment for endometrial, ovarian or cervical cancer who were registered in the Danish Gynecological Cancer Database in the years 2007–2014 (3059 patients with ovarian cancer, 5100 patients with endometrial cancer and 1150 with cervical cancer). Logistic regression model and Cox regression model, adjusted for relevant confounders, were used to estimate the effect of pre-existing psychiatric disorder on the course of cancer treatment. Our outcomes were (i) presurgical oncological treatment, (ii) macroradical surgery for patients with ovarian cancer, (iii) radiation/chemotherapy within 30 days and 100 days after surgery and (iv) time from surgery to first oncological treatment. Results: In the group of patients with ovarian cancer, more patients with a psychiatric disorder received macroradical surgery versus patients without a psychiatric disorder, corresponding to an adjusted odds ratio of 1.24 (95% confidence interval 0.62–2.41) and the chance for having oncological treatment within 100 days was odds ratio = 1.26 (95% confidence interval 0.77–2.10). As for patients with endometrial cancer, all outcome estimates were close to unity. The adjusted odds ratio for oncological treatment within 30 days after surgery in patients with cervical cancer with a history of psychiatric disorder was 0.20 (95% confidence interval 0.03–1.54). Conclusions: We did not find any significant differences in the treatment of ovarian and endometrial cancer in patients with pre-existing psychiatric diagnoses. When it comes to oncological treatment, we suggest that increased attention should be paid to patients with cervical cancer having a pre-existing psychiatric diagnosis.

Original languageEnglish
JournalClinical Oncology
Volume31
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)115-123
ISSN0936-6555
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2019

Keywords

  • Cervical cancer
  • endometrial cancer
  • oncological treatment
  • ovarian cancer
  • psychiatric disorders
  • surgery

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