Increased contact activated endogenous thrombin potential in pregnant women with preeclampsia

Anne Cathrine Godtfredsen*, Yaseelan Palarasah, Britta Blume Dolleris, Jan Stener Jørgensen, Johannes Jakobsen Sidelmann, Jørgen Brodersen Gram

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Preeclampsia is a worldwide contributor to maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. Women with preeclampsia are in a hyper-coagulable state with increased risk of thromboembolic disease later in life compared with normal pregnant women. The contact system (CAS) in plasma can mediate thrombin generation and is an important contributor to thrombus growth, but the activation of CAS during pregnancy complicated by preeclampsia is not yet elucidated, and CAS may play a role in the pathophysiology of preeclampsia. Therefore, the aim of the study is to address thrombin generation, and in particular, the capacity of the CAS-mediated pathway in patients with preeclampsia compared with pregnant controls. One hundred and seventeen women with preeclampsia and matched controls were included. The project was registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov as NCT04825145. CAS and tissue factor induced thrombin generation, proteins C and S, antithrombin, and histidine-rich glycoprotein (HRG) were assessed. Women with preeclampsia had significantly increased CAS and tissue factor-induced endogenous thrombin potential (ETP), and HRG compared with controls, P = 0.022, P = 0.024, and P = 0.02, respectively. The concentrations of protein C and antithrombin were significantly reduced in the preeclampsia group, P = 0.024 and P < 0.0001, respectively. No significant difference in the concentration of protein S was detected, P = 0.06. This study demonstrates a significant increased CAS-induced ETP and an overall decrease of important regulators of coagulation in women with preeclampsia compared with controls. These aspects can contribute to the hyper-coagulable state characterizing preeclampsia.

Original languageEnglish
JournalBlood Coagulation and Fibrinolysis
Volume35
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)1-7
ISSN0957-5235
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2024

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