Incidence of cancer and infertility, in patients treated for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis 25 years prior

A. Simony, Steen Bach Christensen, Kim Erik Jensen, L. Y. Carreon, M. O. Andersen

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Abstract

Introduction: Adolescent females with idiopathic scoliosis are exposed to substantial amounts of radiation during treatment and follow-up for AIS.The purpose of this study was to determine the amount radiation exposure patients received during treatment for AIS and report the incidence of infertility and cancer in adulthood. Method: 219 consecutive AIS patients treated at Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen between 1983 and 1990 were identified and requested to return for clinical and radiographic examination. The incidence of cancer was determined through chart review and follow-up interviews. In addition, the subjects and age-matched controls were queried regarding infertility, age at first pregnancy and spontaneous abortions. Using X -ray reports that included patient position, mAs and kV used and the number of x-rays taken, a radiation physicist calculated the total radiation dose during treatment and follow-up adjusted for BMI and sex. Results: 159 (78 %) patients participated in the follow up study, and medical charts were available in 209 patients. 2 patients had passed away, one due to cardiac arrest and one to breast cancer. 8 patients had emigrated. Radiation information was available in 211 patients. The mean calculated mean total radiation exposure was 1.58 mSv (0, 44-6, 9).An average of 16.3 (range, 8-34) x-rays were taken during treatment. The rate of infertility (10 %) and spontaneous abortion (23 %) is similar to the normal controls. The AIS patients had 1.4 children, which is 1 child less than the 2.5 children in the control cohort. 9 (4.3 %) AIS patients developed cancer, mostly breast (3) and endometrial (4). The patients with endometrial cancers have a low BMI 16.4 (15.9-16.6) at first radiation exposure, and the patients with breast cancers were older with BMI 20.4 (18.0-22.4) The incidence of cancer in this cohort is 17 times greater than the incidence of 0.25 % in an age-sex matched cohort from the Danish Cancer Society Annual Report. Conclusion: The infertility and spontaneous abortion rate was similar between AIS patients and an age matched cohort. The cancer rate in the AIS patients is 17 times higher than expected compared to the age-matched Danish population. The pathology of cancers among the AIS patients are different from a Nordic cohort of Airline Pilots, exposed to an equal radiation dose during their adult period of life.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberQF70
JournalEuropean Spine Journal
Volume24
Issue numberS6
Pages (from-to)S740
Number of pages1
ISSN0940-6719
Publication statusPublished - 2015
EventEUROSPINE 2015 - Copenhagen, Denmark
Duration: 2. Sep 20154. Sep 2015

Conference

ConferenceEUROSPINE 2015
Country/TerritoryDenmark
CityCopenhagen
Period02/09/201504/09/2015

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