Improving contrast and detectability - imaging with [55Co]Co-DOTATATE in comparison with [64Cu]Cu-DOTATATE and [68Ga]Ga-DOTATATE

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Abstract

PET imaging at late time points after injection may allow tracer clearance from normal tissue and hence improve image contrast and detectability. 55Co is a promising isotope with high positron yield and a long half-life suitable for imaging at delayed time points. Here, we compared the 3 radioconjugates [68Ga]Ga-DOTATATE, [64Cu]Cu-DOTATATE, and [55Co]Co-DOTATATE by PET/CT imaging in NOD-SCID mice bearing subcutaneous somatostatin receptor-expressing AR42J tumors. Methods:55Co and 64Cu were produced by the 54Fe(d,n)55Co and 64Ni(p,n)64Cu nuclear reactions, whereas 68Ga was obtained from a 68Ge/68Ga generator. 55Co and 64Cu were labeled with DOTATATE by heating in a sodium acetate buffer and 4-(2-hydroxyethyl)-1-piperazineethanesulfonic acid buffer, respectively. AR42J tumor-bearing mice were dynamically scanned 0-1 h after injection. For 64Cu and 55Co, additional imaging was also performed at late time points after 4 and 24 h. Dose calculations were based on a known biodistribution. The cumulated disintegrations in each organ were calculated by integration of a fitted exponential function to the biodistribution of each respective organ. Equivalent doses were calculated by OLINDA/EXM using the MIRD formalism. Results: Tumor uptake was rapid from 0 to 1 h after injection for all 3 radioconjugates. Normal-tissue ratios as represented by tumor-to-liver, tumor-to-kidney, and tumor-to-muscle ratios increased significantly over time, with [55Co]Co-DOTATATE reaching the highest ratio of all radioconjugates. For [55Co]Co-DOTATATE, the tumor-to-liver ratio increased to 65 ± 16 at 4 h and 50 ± 6 at 24 h, which were 15 (P < 0.001) and 30 (P < 0.001) times higher, respectively, than the corresponding ratios for [64Cu]Cu-DOTATATE and 5 (P < 0.001) times higher than that of [68Ga]Ga-DOTATATE at 1 h. Correspondingly, tumor-to-kidney and tumor-to-muscle ratios for [55Co]Co-DOTATATE were 4 (P < 0.001) and 11 (P < 0.001) times higher than that of [64Cu]Cu-DOTATATE at 24 h. An equivalent dose was calculated as 9.6E-02 mSv/MBq for [55Co]Co-DOTATATE. Conclusion: [55Co]Co-DOTATATE demonstrated superior image contrast compared with [64Cu]Cu-DOTATATE and [68Ga]Ga-DOTATATE for PET imaging of somatostatin receptor-expressing tumors, warranting translation into clinical trials. Dosimetry calculations found that effective doses for [55Co]Co-DOTATATE were comparable to those for both [64Cu]Cu-DOTATATE and [68Ga]Ga-DOTATATE.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of nuclear medicine : official publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
Volume61
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)228-233
ISSN0161-5505
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2020

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Neoplasms
Somatostatin Receptors
68Ga-DOTATATE
64Cu-DOTATATE
HEPES
Kidney
Sodium Acetate
Muscles
Inbred NOD Mouse
SCID Mice
Liver
Isotopes
Heating
Half-Life
Clinical Trials
Electrons

Keywords

  • 55Co
  • 64Cu
  • 68Ga
  • DOTATATE
  • neuroendocrine tumor

Cite this

@article{72ee7627f9d7489aa6fd175d4920a84a,
title = "Improving contrast and detectability - imaging with [55Co]Co-DOTATATE in comparison with [64Cu]Cu-DOTATATE and [68Ga]Ga-DOTATATE",
abstract = "PET imaging at late time points after injection may allow tracer clearance from normal tissue and hence improve image contrast and detectability. 55Co is a promising isotope with high positron yield and a long half-life suitable for imaging at delayed time points. Here, we compared the 3 radioconjugates [68Ga]Ga-DOTATATE, [64Cu]Cu-DOTATATE, and [55Co]Co-DOTATATE by PET/CT imaging in NOD-SCID mice bearing subcutaneous somatostatin receptor-expressing AR42J tumors. Methods:55Co and 64Cu were produced by the 54Fe(d,n)55Co and 64Ni(p,n)64Cu nuclear reactions, whereas 68Ga was obtained from a 68Ge/68Ga generator. 55Co and 64Cu were labeled with DOTATATE by heating in a sodium acetate buffer and 4-(2-hydroxyethyl)-1-piperazineethanesulfonic acid buffer, respectively. AR42J tumor-bearing mice were dynamically scanned 0-1 h after injection. For 64Cu and 55Co, additional imaging was also performed at late time points after 4 and 24 h. Dose calculations were based on a known biodistribution. The cumulated disintegrations in each organ were calculated by integration of a fitted exponential function to the biodistribution of each respective organ. Equivalent doses were calculated by OLINDA/EXM using the MIRD formalism. Results: Tumor uptake was rapid from 0 to 1 h after injection for all 3 radioconjugates. Normal-tissue ratios as represented by tumor-to-liver, tumor-to-kidney, and tumor-to-muscle ratios increased significantly over time, with [55Co]Co-DOTATATE reaching the highest ratio of all radioconjugates. For [55Co]Co-DOTATATE, the tumor-to-liver ratio increased to 65 ± 16 at 4 h and 50 ± 6 at 24 h, which were 15 (P < 0.001) and 30 (P < 0.001) times higher, respectively, than the corresponding ratios for [64Cu]Cu-DOTATATE and 5 (P < 0.001) times higher than that of [68Ga]Ga-DOTATATE at 1 h. Correspondingly, tumor-to-kidney and tumor-to-muscle ratios for [55Co]Co-DOTATATE were 4 (P < 0.001) and 11 (P < 0.001) times higher than that of [64Cu]Cu-DOTATATE at 24 h. An equivalent dose was calculated as 9.6E-02 mSv/MBq for [55Co]Co-DOTATATE. Conclusion: [55Co]Co-DOTATATE demonstrated superior image contrast compared with [64Cu]Cu-DOTATATE and [68Ga]Ga-DOTATATE for PET imaging of somatostatin receptor-expressing tumors, warranting translation into clinical trials. Dosimetry calculations found that effective doses for [55Co]Co-DOTATATE were comparable to those for both [64Cu]Cu-DOTATATE and [68Ga]Ga-DOTATATE.",
keywords = "55Co, 64Cu, 68Ga, DOTATATE, neuroendocrine tumor",
author = "Andersen, {Thomas Lund} and Christina Baun and Olsen, {Birgitte Brinkmann} and Dam, {Johan Hygum} and Helge Thisgaard",
note = "Copyright {\circledC} 2019 by the Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, Inc.",
year = "2020",
month = "2",
doi = "10.2967/jnumed.119.233015",
language = "English",
volume = "61",
pages = "228--233",
journal = "Journal of Nuclear Medicine",
issn = "0161-5505",
publisher = "Society of Nuclear Medicine",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Improving contrast and detectability - imaging with [55Co]Co-DOTATATE in comparison with [64Cu]Cu-DOTATATE and [68Ga]Ga-DOTATATE

AU - Andersen, Thomas Lund

AU - Baun, Christina

AU - Olsen, Birgitte Brinkmann

AU - Dam, Johan Hygum

AU - Thisgaard, Helge

N1 - Copyright © 2019 by the Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, Inc.

PY - 2020/2

Y1 - 2020/2

N2 - PET imaging at late time points after injection may allow tracer clearance from normal tissue and hence improve image contrast and detectability. 55Co is a promising isotope with high positron yield and a long half-life suitable for imaging at delayed time points. Here, we compared the 3 radioconjugates [68Ga]Ga-DOTATATE, [64Cu]Cu-DOTATATE, and [55Co]Co-DOTATATE by PET/CT imaging in NOD-SCID mice bearing subcutaneous somatostatin receptor-expressing AR42J tumors. Methods:55Co and 64Cu were produced by the 54Fe(d,n)55Co and 64Ni(p,n)64Cu nuclear reactions, whereas 68Ga was obtained from a 68Ge/68Ga generator. 55Co and 64Cu were labeled with DOTATATE by heating in a sodium acetate buffer and 4-(2-hydroxyethyl)-1-piperazineethanesulfonic acid buffer, respectively. AR42J tumor-bearing mice were dynamically scanned 0-1 h after injection. For 64Cu and 55Co, additional imaging was also performed at late time points after 4 and 24 h. Dose calculations were based on a known biodistribution. The cumulated disintegrations in each organ were calculated by integration of a fitted exponential function to the biodistribution of each respective organ. Equivalent doses were calculated by OLINDA/EXM using the MIRD formalism. Results: Tumor uptake was rapid from 0 to 1 h after injection for all 3 radioconjugates. Normal-tissue ratios as represented by tumor-to-liver, tumor-to-kidney, and tumor-to-muscle ratios increased significantly over time, with [55Co]Co-DOTATATE reaching the highest ratio of all radioconjugates. For [55Co]Co-DOTATATE, the tumor-to-liver ratio increased to 65 ± 16 at 4 h and 50 ± 6 at 24 h, which were 15 (P < 0.001) and 30 (P < 0.001) times higher, respectively, than the corresponding ratios for [64Cu]Cu-DOTATATE and 5 (P < 0.001) times higher than that of [68Ga]Ga-DOTATATE at 1 h. Correspondingly, tumor-to-kidney and tumor-to-muscle ratios for [55Co]Co-DOTATATE were 4 (P < 0.001) and 11 (P < 0.001) times higher than that of [64Cu]Cu-DOTATATE at 24 h. An equivalent dose was calculated as 9.6E-02 mSv/MBq for [55Co]Co-DOTATATE. Conclusion: [55Co]Co-DOTATATE demonstrated superior image contrast compared with [64Cu]Cu-DOTATATE and [68Ga]Ga-DOTATATE for PET imaging of somatostatin receptor-expressing tumors, warranting translation into clinical trials. Dosimetry calculations found that effective doses for [55Co]Co-DOTATATE were comparable to those for both [64Cu]Cu-DOTATATE and [68Ga]Ga-DOTATATE.

AB - PET imaging at late time points after injection may allow tracer clearance from normal tissue and hence improve image contrast and detectability. 55Co is a promising isotope with high positron yield and a long half-life suitable for imaging at delayed time points. Here, we compared the 3 radioconjugates [68Ga]Ga-DOTATATE, [64Cu]Cu-DOTATATE, and [55Co]Co-DOTATATE by PET/CT imaging in NOD-SCID mice bearing subcutaneous somatostatin receptor-expressing AR42J tumors. Methods:55Co and 64Cu were produced by the 54Fe(d,n)55Co and 64Ni(p,n)64Cu nuclear reactions, whereas 68Ga was obtained from a 68Ge/68Ga generator. 55Co and 64Cu were labeled with DOTATATE by heating in a sodium acetate buffer and 4-(2-hydroxyethyl)-1-piperazineethanesulfonic acid buffer, respectively. AR42J tumor-bearing mice were dynamically scanned 0-1 h after injection. For 64Cu and 55Co, additional imaging was also performed at late time points after 4 and 24 h. Dose calculations were based on a known biodistribution. The cumulated disintegrations in each organ were calculated by integration of a fitted exponential function to the biodistribution of each respective organ. Equivalent doses were calculated by OLINDA/EXM using the MIRD formalism. Results: Tumor uptake was rapid from 0 to 1 h after injection for all 3 radioconjugates. Normal-tissue ratios as represented by tumor-to-liver, tumor-to-kidney, and tumor-to-muscle ratios increased significantly over time, with [55Co]Co-DOTATATE reaching the highest ratio of all radioconjugates. For [55Co]Co-DOTATATE, the tumor-to-liver ratio increased to 65 ± 16 at 4 h and 50 ± 6 at 24 h, which were 15 (P < 0.001) and 30 (P < 0.001) times higher, respectively, than the corresponding ratios for [64Cu]Cu-DOTATATE and 5 (P < 0.001) times higher than that of [68Ga]Ga-DOTATATE at 1 h. Correspondingly, tumor-to-kidney and tumor-to-muscle ratios for [55Co]Co-DOTATATE were 4 (P < 0.001) and 11 (P < 0.001) times higher than that of [64Cu]Cu-DOTATATE at 24 h. An equivalent dose was calculated as 9.6E-02 mSv/MBq for [55Co]Co-DOTATATE. Conclusion: [55Co]Co-DOTATATE demonstrated superior image contrast compared with [64Cu]Cu-DOTATATE and [68Ga]Ga-DOTATATE for PET imaging of somatostatin receptor-expressing tumors, warranting translation into clinical trials. Dosimetry calculations found that effective doses for [55Co]Co-DOTATATE were comparable to those for both [64Cu]Cu-DOTATATE and [68Ga]Ga-DOTATATE.

KW - 55Co

KW - 64Cu

KW - 68Ga

KW - DOTATATE

KW - neuroendocrine tumor

U2 - 10.2967/jnumed.119.233015

DO - 10.2967/jnumed.119.233015

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 31519803

VL - 61

SP - 228

EP - 233

JO - Journal of Nuclear Medicine

JF - Journal of Nuclear Medicine

SN - 0161-5505

IS - 2

ER -