Improvement of directionality and sound-localization by internal ear coupling in barn owls

Hermann Wagner, Jakob Christensen-Dalsgaard, Lutz Kettler, Ole Næsbye Larsen

Research output: Contribution to conference without publisher/journalConference abstract for conferenceResearch

Abstract

Mark Konishi was one of the first to quantify sound-localization capabilities in barn owls. He showed that frequencies between 3 and 10 kHz underlie precise sound localization in these birds, and that they derive spatial information from processing interaural time and interaural level differences. However, despite intensive research during the last 40 years it is still unclear whether and how internal ear coupling contributes to sound localization in the barn owl. Here we investigated ear directionality in anesthetized birds with the help of laser vibrometry. Care was taken that anesthesia and the stapedius reflex did not influence the results. When analyzed in narrow frequency bands, the data demonstrated a certain amount of internal ear coupling in the low-frequnecy range (<3 kHz), but not in the high frequency range (3-10 kHz). Although many cells in the auditory pathway are tuned to interaural time difference in the low-frequency range, barn owls hesitate to approach prey or turn their heads when only low-frequency auditory information is present in a stimulus they receive. Thus, the barn-owl's sound localization system seems to be adapted to work best in frequency ranges where interaural time and level differences may be simultaneously evaluated for localizing prey.
Original languageEnglish
Publication date25. Jul 2014
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - 25. Jul 2014
Event11th International Congress of Neuroethology - Sapporo Convention Center (SCC), Sapporo, Japan
Duration: 28. Jul 20141. Aug 2014
Conference number: 11

Conference

Conference11th International Congress of Neuroethology
Number11
LocationSapporo Convention Center (SCC)
CountryJapan
CitySapporo
Period28/07/201401/08/2014

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Tyto alba
ears
birds
reflexes
lasers
anesthesia

Cite this

Wagner, H., Christensen-Dalsgaard, J., Kettler, L., & Larsen, O. N. (2014). Improvement of directionality and sound-localization by internal ear coupling in barn owls. Abstract from 11th International Congress of Neuroethology, Sapporo, Japan.
Wagner, Hermann ; Christensen-Dalsgaard, Jakob ; Kettler, Lutz ; Larsen, Ole Næsbye. / Improvement of directionality and sound-localization by internal ear coupling in barn owls. Abstract from 11th International Congress of Neuroethology, Sapporo, Japan.1 p.
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Improvement of directionality and sound-localization by internal ear coupling in barn owls. / Wagner, Hermann; Christensen-Dalsgaard, Jakob; Kettler, Lutz; Larsen, Ole Næsbye.

2014. Abstract from 11th International Congress of Neuroethology, Sapporo, Japan.

Research output: Contribution to conference without publisher/journalConference abstract for conferenceResearch

TY - ABST

T1 - Improvement of directionality and sound-localization by internal ear coupling in barn owls

AU - Wagner, Hermann

AU - Christensen-Dalsgaard, Jakob

AU - Kettler, Lutz

AU - Larsen, Ole Næsbye

PY - 2014/7/25

Y1 - 2014/7/25

N2 - Mark Konishi was one of the first to quantify sound-localization capabilities in barn owls. He showed that frequencies between 3 and 10 kHz underlie precise sound localization in these birds, and that they derive spatial information from processing interaural time and interaural level differences. However, despite intensive research during the last 40 years it is still unclear whether and how internal ear coupling contributes to sound localization in the barn owl. Here we investigated ear directionality in anesthetized birds with the help of laser vibrometry. Care was taken that anesthesia and the stapedius reflex did not influence the results. When analyzed in narrow frequency bands, the data demonstrated a certain amount of internal ear coupling in the low-frequnecy range (<3 kHz), but not in the high frequency range (3-10 kHz). Although many cells in the auditory pathway are tuned to interaural time difference in the low-frequency range, barn owls hesitate to approach prey or turn their heads when only low-frequency auditory information is present in a stimulus they receive. Thus, the barn-owl's sound localization system seems to be adapted to work best in frequency ranges where interaural time and level differences may be simultaneously evaluated for localizing prey.

AB - Mark Konishi was one of the first to quantify sound-localization capabilities in barn owls. He showed that frequencies between 3 and 10 kHz underlie precise sound localization in these birds, and that they derive spatial information from processing interaural time and interaural level differences. However, despite intensive research during the last 40 years it is still unclear whether and how internal ear coupling contributes to sound localization in the barn owl. Here we investigated ear directionality in anesthetized birds with the help of laser vibrometry. Care was taken that anesthesia and the stapedius reflex did not influence the results. When analyzed in narrow frequency bands, the data demonstrated a certain amount of internal ear coupling in the low-frequnecy range (<3 kHz), but not in the high frequency range (3-10 kHz). Although many cells in the auditory pathway are tuned to interaural time difference in the low-frequency range, barn owls hesitate to approach prey or turn their heads when only low-frequency auditory information is present in a stimulus they receive. Thus, the barn-owl's sound localization system seems to be adapted to work best in frequency ranges where interaural time and level differences may be simultaneously evaluated for localizing prey.

M3 - Conference abstract for conference

ER -

Wagner H, Christensen-Dalsgaard J, Kettler L, Larsen ON. Improvement of directionality and sound-localization by internal ear coupling in barn owls. 2014. Abstract from 11th International Congress of Neuroethology, Sapporo, Japan.