Improvement in fast-track hip and knee arthroplasty: a prospective multicentre study of 36,935 procedures from 2010 to 2017

Pelle Baggesgaard Petersen*, Henrik Kehlet, Christoffer Calov Jørgensen, Lundbeck Foundation Centre for Fast-Track Hip and Knee Replacement Collaborative Group

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

“Fast-track” protocols has improved surgical care with a reduction in length of hospital stay (LOS) in total hip (THA) and knee arthroplasty (TKA). However, the effects of continuous refinement of perioperative care lack detailed assessment. We studied time-related changes in LOS and morbidity after THA and TKA within a collaboration with continuous scientific refinement of perioperative care. Prospective multicentre consecutive cohort study between 2010 and 2017 from nine high-volume orthopaedic centres with established fast-track THA and TKA protocols. Prospective collection of comorbidities and complete 90-day follow-up from the Danish National Patient Registry and medical records. Of 36,935 procedures median age was 69 [62 to 75] years and 58% women. LOS declined from three [two to three] days in 2010 to one [one to two] day in 2017. LOS > 4 days due to “medical” or “surgical” complications, and “with no recorded morbidity” declined from 4.4 to 2.7%, 1.5 to 0.6%, and 3.8 to 1.3%, respectively. 90-days readmission rate declined from 8.6 to 7.7%. Our multicentre study in a socialized healthcare setting was associated with a continuous reduction in LOS and morbidity after THA and TKA.

Original languageEnglish
Article number21233
JournalScientific Reports
Volume10
Number of pages9
ISSN2045-2322
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4. Dec 2020

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