Improved in vitro evaluation of novel antimicrobials: potential synergy between human plasma and antibacterial peptidomimetics, AMPs and antibiotics against human pathogenic bacteria

Linda Citterio, Henrik Franzyk, Yaseelan Palarasah, Thomas Emil Andersen, Ramona Valentina Mateiu, Lone Gram

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Stable peptidomimetics mimicking natural antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) have emerged as a promising class of potential novel antibiotics. In the present study, we aimed at determining whether the antibacterial activity of two α-peptide/β-peptoid peptidomimetics against a range of bacterial pathogens was affected by conditions mimicking in vivo settings. Their activity was enhanced to an unexpected degree in the presence of human blood plasma for thirteen pathogenic Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. MIC values typically decreased 2- to 16-fold in the presence of a human plasma concentration that alone did not damage the cell membrane. Hence, MIC and MBC data collected in these settings appear to represent a more appropriate basis for in vivo experiments preceding clinical trials. In fact, concentrations of peptidomimetics and peptide antibiotics (e.g. polymyxin B) required for in vivo treatments might be lower than traditionally deduced from MICs determined in laboratory media. Thus, antibiotics previously considered too toxic could be developed into usable last-resort drugs, due to ensuing lowered risk of side effects. In contrast, the activity of the compounds was significantly decreased in heat-inactivated plasma. We hypothesize that synergistic interactions with complement proteins and/or clotting factors most likely are involved.

Original languageEnglish
JournalResearch in Microbiology
Volume167
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)72-82
ISSN0923-2508
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Keywords

  • Antibiotics
  • Antimicrobial peptide
  • Peptidomimetics
  • Plasma
  • Synergy
  • Bacteria/drug effects
  • Humans
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents/metabolism
  • Drug Synergism
  • Microbial Sensitivity Tests
  • Peptidomimetics/metabolism
  • Microbial Viability/drug effects
  • Adenosine Monophosphate/metabolism
  • Plasma/metabolism

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