Impact of BCL2 and p53 on postmastectomy radiotherapy response in high-risk breast cancer. A subgroup analysis of DBCG82 b&c

M Kyndi, Flemming Brandt Sørensen, H Knudsen, J Alsner, M Overgaard, H M Nielsen, J Overgaard

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

PURPOSE: To examine p53 and BCL2 expression in high-risk breast cancer patients randomized to postmastectomy radiotherapy (PMRT). PATIENTS AND METHODS: The present analysis included 1 000 of 3 083 high-risk breast cancer patients randomly assigned to PMRT in the DBCG82 b&c studies. Tissue microarray sections were stained with immunohistochemistry for p53 and BCL2. Median potential follow-up was 17 years. Clinical endpoints were locoregional recurrence (LRR), distant metastases (DM), overall mortality, and overall survival (OS). Statistical analyses included Kappa statistics, chi(2) or exact tests, Kaplan-Meier probability plots, Log-rank test, and Cox univariate and multivariate regression analyses. RESULTS: p53 accumulation was not significantly associated with increased overall mortality, DM or LRR probability in univariate or multivariate Cox regression analyses. Kaplan-Meier probability plots showed reduced OS and improved DM and LRR probabilities after PMRT within subgroups of both p53 negative and p53 positive patients. Negative BCL2 expression was significantly associated with increased overall mortality, DM and LRR probability in multivariate Cox regression analyses. Kaplan-Meier probability plots showed a significantly improved overall survival after PMRT for the BCL2 positive subgroup, whereas practically no survival improvement was seen after PMRT for the BCL2 negative subgroup. In multivariate analysis of OS, however, no significant interaction was found between BCL2 and randomization status. Significant reductions in LRR probability after PMRT were recorded within both the BCL2 positive and BCL2 negative subgroups. CONCLUSION: p53 was not associated with survival after radiotherapy in high-risk breast cancer, but BCL2 might be.
Original languageEnglish
JournalActa Oncologica
Volume47
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)608-17
Number of pages9
ISSN0284-186X
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1. Jan 2008

Keywords

  • Breast Neoplasms
  • Combined Modality Therapy
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Microarray Analysis
  • Prognosis
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2
  • Risk Factors
  • Survival Rate
  • Tumor Suppressor Protein p53

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