Impact of abdominal compression on intra-fractional motion and delivered dose in magnetic resonance image-guided adaptive radiation ablation of adrenal gland metastases

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Abstract

PURPOSE: The current study investigated the impact of abdominal compression on motion and the delivered dose during non-gated, magnetic resonance image (MRI)-guided radiation ablation of adrenal gland metastases.

METHODS: Thirty-one patients with adrenal gland metastases treated to 45-60 Gy in 3-8 fractions on a 1.5 T MRI-linac were included in the study. The patients were breathing freely (n = 14) or with motion restricted by using an abdominal compression belt (n = 17). The time-resolved position of the target in online 2D cine MR images acquired during treatment was assessed and used to estimate the dose delivered to the GTV and abutting luminal organs at risk (OAR).

RESULTS: The median (range) 3D root-mean-square target position error was significantly higher in patients treated without a compression belt [2.9 (1.9-5.6) mm] compared to patients using the belt [2.1 (1.2-3.5) mm] (P < 0.01). The median (range) GTV V95% was significantly reduced from planned 98.6 (65.9-100) % to delivered 96.5 (64.5-99.9) % due to motion (P < 0.01). Most prominent dose reductions were found in patients showing either large target drift or respiration motion and were mainly treated without abdominal compression. Motion did not lead to an increased number of constraint violations for luminal OAR.

CONCLUSIONS: Acceptable target coverage and dose to OAR was observed in the vast majority of patients despite intra-fractional motion during adaptive MRI-guided radiation ablation. The use of abdominal compression significantly reduced the target position error and prevented the most prominent target coverage degradations and is, therefore, recommended as motion management at MRI-linacs.

Keywords

  • Abdominal compression
  • Ablative radiotherapy
  • Intra-fractional motion
  • MRI-linac

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