Immigrants’ Labor Market Outcomes

Contributions from Multilevel Studies

Romana Careja*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleCommissionedpeer-review

Abstract

The article reviews 18 studies published between 2000 and 2017 whichuse multilevel techniques and focus on immigrants’ labor market outcomes. It is im-portant to understand why immigrants appear to be at particular risk of experiencingpoor economic outcomes, be it participation in the labor market, labor market at-tainment or income. The multilevel analyses reveal that structural conditions in bothorigin and destination countries are significantly shaping immigrants’ labor marketoutcomes, while other factors (such as social capital) have less clear effects. Thereview also shows that multilevel studies, although they reveal substantial insights,are in want of a better theoretical explanation of the contextual effects, especiallywhen the contexts of interest are at the country level. It concludes that, by incorpo-rating interaction effects and relying on longitudinal data, future multilevel studieshave the potential to better account for immigrants’ economic outcomes
Original languageEnglish
JournalKölner Zeitschrift für Soziologie und Sozialpsychologie
Volume71
Issue numberSupplement 1
Pages (from-to)187-220
ISSN0023-2653
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3. Jun 2019

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labor market
immigrant
social capital
economics
rating
labor
income
participation
interaction

Cite this

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title = "Immigrants’ Labor Market Outcomes: Contributions from Multilevel Studies",
abstract = "The article reviews 18 studies published between 2000 and 2017 whichuse multilevel techniques and focus on immigrants’ labor market outcomes. It is im-portant to understand why immigrants appear to be at particular risk of experiencingpoor economic outcomes, be it participation in the labor market, labor market at-tainment or income. The multilevel analyses reveal that structural conditions in bothorigin and destination countries are significantly shaping immigrants’ labor marketoutcomes, while other factors (such as social capital) have less clear effects. Thereview also shows that multilevel studies, although they reveal substantial insights,are in want of a better theoretical explanation of the contextual effects, especiallywhen the contexts of interest are at the country level. It concludes that, by incorpo-rating interaction effects and relying on longitudinal data, future multilevel studieshave the potential to better account for immigrants’ economic outcomes",
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Immigrants’ Labor Market Outcomes : Contributions from Multilevel Studies. / Careja, Romana.

In: Kölner Zeitschrift für Soziologie und Sozialpsychologie, Vol. 71, No. Supplement 1, 03.06.2019, p. 187-220.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleCommissionedpeer-review

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