IFT20 modulates ciliary PDGFRα signaling by regulating the stability of Cbl E3 ubiquitin ligases

Fabian Marc Schmid, Kenneth Bødtker Schou, Martin Juel Vilhelm, Maria Schrøder Holm, Loretta Breslin, Pietro Farinelli, Lars Allan Larsen, Jens Skorstengaard Andersen, Lotte Bang Pedersen, Søren Tvorup Christensen

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Abstract

Primary cilia have pivotal roles as organizers of many different signaling pathways, including platelet-derived growth factor receptor α (PDGFRα) signaling, which, when aberrantly regulated, is associated with developmental disorders, tumorigenesis, and cancer. PDGFRα is up-regulated during ciliogenesis, and ciliary localization of the receptor is required for its appropriate ligand-mediated activation by PDGF-AA. However, the mechanisms regulating sorting of PDGFRα and feedback inhibition of PDGFRα signaling at the cilium are unknown. Here, we provide evidence that intraflagellar transport protein 20 (IFT20) interacts with E3 ubiquitin ligases c-Cbl and Cbl-b and is required for Cbl-mediated ubiquitination and internalization of PDGFRα for feedback inhibition of receptor signaling. In wild-type cells treated with PDGF-AA, c-Cbl becomes enriched in the cilium, and the receptor is subsequently ubiquitinated and internalized. In contrast, in IFT20-depleted cells, PDGFRα localizes aberrantly to the plasma membrane and is overactivated after ligand stimulation because of destabilization and degradation of c-Cbl and Cbl-b.

Original languageEnglish
JournalThe Journal of Cell Biology
Volume217
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)151-161
ISSN0021-9525
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2. Jan 2018

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