Identification and quantification of chloramines, bromamines and bromochloramine by Membrane Introduction Mass Spectrometry (MIMS)

Wei Hu, Frants Roager Lauritsen, Sébastien Allard*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

A Membrane Introduction Mass Spectrometry (MIMS) method was developed to differentiate and quantify the different chlorinated and brominated-amines, present in drinking water during chloramination. The representative mass to charge ratios (m/z) of 53, 85, 97, 175 and 131 corresponding to the mass of the parent compounds were selected to monitor NH2Cl, NHCl2, NH2Br, NHBr2 and NHBrCl and the detection limits were found to be 0.034, 0.034, 0.10, 0.12 and 0.36 mg/L as Cl2, respectively. NHCl2, NHBr2 and NHBrCl fragments interfere with the analysis/quantification of NH2Cl and NH2Br via protonation reactions at hot metal surfaces inside the mass spectrometer. To accurately quantify NH2Cl or NH2Br in mixtures of NH2Cl/NHCl2 or NH2Br/NHBr2, the interference from NHCl2 or NHBr2 was subtracted to the signal of the parent compound. If NHBrCl is present, NH2Br and NH2Cl cannot be accurately quantified since the interference from the NHBrCl fragment cannot be distinguished from the signal of the parent compound. Under drinking water conditions, the interference from NHBrCl on NH2Cl was negligible. The different halamines were monitored and quantified for the first time in two surface waters and one seawater that were chloraminated to mimic a realistic disinfection scenario.
Original languageEnglish
Article number142303
JournalScience of the Total Environment
Volume751
Number of pages8
ISSN0048-9697
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10. Jan 2021

Keywords

  • Bromamine
  • Chloramine
  • Disinfection
  • Drinking water
  • Membrane Introduction Mass Spectrometry
  • Oxidation

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