Background and aims: Hyperlipidemia is a suggested risk factor for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). However, whether hyperlipidemia is causally involved in AAA progression remains elusive. Here, we tested the hypothesis that hyperlipidemia aggravates AAA formation in the widely used porcine pancreatic elastase (PPE) model of AAA in mice with varying levels of plasma lipids. Methods: Prior to PPE-surgery, 8-week-old male C57BL/6J mice (n = 32) received 1·1011 viral genomes of rAAV8-D377Y-mPcsk9 or control rAAV8 via the tail vein. Mice were fed either western type diet or regular chow. At baseline and during the 28 days following PPE-surgery, mice underwent weekly ultrasonic assessment of AAA progression. Experiments were repeated using Apolipoprotein E knockout (ApoE−/−) mice (n = 7) and wildtype C57BL/6J mice (n = 5). Results: At sacrifice, maximal intergroup plasma cholesterol and non-HDL/HDL ratio differences were >5-fold and >20-fold, respectively. AAA diameters expanded to 150% of baseline, but no intergroup differences were detected. This was verified in an independent experiment comparing 8-week-old male ApoE−/− mice with wildtype mice. Histological evaluation of experimental AAA lesions revealed accumulated lipid in neointimal and medial layers, and analysis of human AAA lesions (n = 5) obtained from open repair showed medial lipid deposition. Conclusions: In summary, we find that lipid deposition in the aortic wall is a feature of PPE-induced AAA in mice as well as human AAA lesions. Despite, our data do not support the hypothesis that hyperlipidemia contributes to AAA progression.
|Number of pages||11|
|Publication status||Published - Oct 2020|
- Abdominal aortic aneurysm
- Animal model