Hot new early dark energy

Florian Niedermann*, Martin S. Sloth*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

19 Downloads (Pure)


New early dark energy (NEDE) makes the cosmic microwave background consistent with a higher value of the Hubble constant inferred from supernovae observations. It is a better alternative to the old EDE model because it explains naturally the decay of the extra energy component in terms of a vacuum first-order phase transition that is triggered by a subdominant scalar field at zero temperature. With hot NEDE, we introduce a new mechanism to trigger the phase transition. It relies on thermal corrections that subside as a subdominant radiation fluid in a dark gauge sector cools. We explore the phenomenology of hot NEDE and identify the strong supercooled regime as the scenario favored by phenomenology. In a second step, we propose different microscopic embeddings of hot NEDE. This includes the (non-)Abelian dark matter model, which has the potential to also resolve the LSS tension through interactions with the dark radiation fluid. We also address the coincidence problem generically present in EDE models by relating NEDE to the mass generation of neutrinos via the inverse seesaw mechanism. We finally propose a more complete dark sector model, which embeds the NEDE field in a larger symmetry group and discuss the possibility that the hot NEDE field is central for spontaneously breaking lepton number symmetry.

Original languageEnglish
Article number063509
JournalPhysical Review D
Issue number6
Number of pages35
Publication statusPublished - 8. Mar 2022


Dive into the research topics of 'Hot new early dark energy'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this