Higher vs Lower Doses of Dexamethasone in Patients with COVID-19 and Severe Hypoxia (COVID STEROID 2) trial: Protocol for a secondary Bayesian analysis

Anders Granholm*, Marie Warrer Munch, Sheila Nainan Myatra, Bharath Kumar Tirupakuzhi Vijayaraghavan, Maria Cronhjort, Rebecka Rubenson Wahlin, Stephan M. Jakob, Luca Cioccari, Maj Brit Nørregaard Kjær, Gitte Kingo Vesterlund, Tine Sylvest Meyhoff, Marie Helleberg, Morten Hylander Møller, Thomas Benfield, Balasubramanian Venkatesh, Naomi Hammond, Sharon Micallef, Abhinav Bassi, Oommen John, Vivekanand JhaKlaus Tjelle Kristiansen, Charlotte Suppli Ulrik, Vibeke Lind Jørgensen, Margit Smitt, Morten H. Bestle, Anne Sofie Andreasen, Lone Musaeus Poulsen, Bodil Steen Rasmussen, Anne Craveiro Brøchner, Thomas Strøm, Anders Møller, Mohd Saif Khan, Ajay Padmanaban, Jigeeshu Vasishtha Divatia, Sanjith Saseedharan, Kapil Borawake, Farhad Kapadia, Subhal Dixit, Rajesh Chawla, Urvi Shukla, Pravin Amin, Michelle S. Chew, Christian Gluud, Theis Lange, Anders Perner

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Background: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) can lead to severe hypoxic respiratory failure and death. Corticosteroids decrease mortality in severely or critically ill patients with COVID-19. However, the optimal dose remains unresolved. The ongoing randomised COVID STEROID 2 trial investigates the effects of higher vs lower doses of dexamethasone (12 vs 6 mg intravenously daily for up to 10 days) in 1,000 adult patients with COVID-19 and severe hypoxia. Methods: This protocol outlines the rationale and statistical methods for a secondary, pre-planned Bayesian analysis of the primary outcome (days alive without life support at day 28) and all secondary outcomes registered up to day 90. We will use hurdle-negative binomial models to estimate the mean number of days alive without life support in each group and present results as mean differences and incidence rate ratios with 95% credibility intervals (CrIs). Additional count outcomes will be analysed similarly and binary outcomes will be analysed using logistic regression models with results presented as probabilities, relative risks and risk differences with 95% CrIs. We will present probabilities of any benefit/harm, clinically important benefit/harm and probabilities of effects smaller than pre-defined clinically minimally important differences for all outcomes analysed. Analyses will be adjusted for stratification variables and conducted using weakly informative priors supplemented by sensitivity analyses using sceptic priors. Discussion: This secondary, pre-planned Bayesian analysis will supplement the primary, conventional analysis and may help clinicians, researchers and policymakers interpret the results of the COVID STEROID 2 trial while avoiding arbitrarily dichotomised interpretations of the results. Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT04509973; EudraCT: 2020-003363-25.

Original languageEnglish
JournalActa Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
Volume65
Issue number5
Pages (from-to)702-710
ISSN0001-5172
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2021

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