Higher-Order Scheme-Independent Series Expansions of $γ_{\barψψ,IR}$ and $β'_{IR}$ in Conformal Field Theories

Thomas A. Ryttov, Robert Shrock

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We study a vectorial asymptotically free gauge theory, with gauge group $G$ and $N_f$ massless fermions in a representation $R$ of this group, that exhibits an infrared (IR) zero in its beta function, $\beta$, at the coupling $\alpha=\alpha_{IR}$ in the non-Abelian Coulomb phase. For general $G$ and $R$, we calculate the scheme-independent series expansions of (i) the anomalous dimension of the fermion bilinear, $\gamma_{\bar\psi\psi,IR}$, to $O(\Delta_f^4)$ and (ii) the derivative $\beta' = d\beta/d\alpha$, to $O(\Delta_f^5)$, both evaluated at $\alpha_{IR}$, where $\Delta_f$ is an $N_f$-dependent expansion variable. These are the highest orders to which these expansions have been calculated. We apply these general results to theories with $G={\rm SU}(N_c)$ and $R$ equal to the fundamental, adjoint, and symmetric and antisymmetric rank-2 tensor representations. It is shown that for all of these representations, $\gamma_{\bar\psi\psi,IR}$, calculated to the order $\Delta_f^p$, with $1 \le p \le 4$, increases monotonically with decreasing $N_f$ and, for fixed $N_f$, is a monotonically increasing function of $p$. Comparisons of our scheme-independent calculations of $\gamma_{\bar\psi\psi,IR}$ and $\beta'_{IR}$ are made with our earlier higher $n$-loop values of these quantities, and with lattice measurements. For $R=F$, we present results for the limit $N_c \to \infty$ and $N_f \to \infty$ with $N_f/N_c$ fixed. We also present expansions for $\alpha_{IR}$ calculated to $O(\Delta_f^4)$.
Original languageEnglish
Article number 105004
JournalPhysical Review D
Issue number10
Number of pages37
Publication statusPublished - 2017


  • hep-th
  • hep-lat
  • hep-ph

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