High-fat meals do not affect thrombin formation and fibrin clot lysis in individuals with obesity during intentional weight loss

Line Espenhain Landgrebe*, Vibeke Andersen, Corinna Bang, Lucas Moitinho-Silva, Herbert Schwarz, Claus Bogh Juhl, Else Bladbjerg

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

Repeated weight loss cycles are associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity. Meal-induced thrombin formation, measured as prothrombin fragment 1+2 (F1+2), is observed in individuals with overweight after weight loss, and postprandial effects can be one of the mechanisms underlying harmful effects during intentional weight loss. We hypothesize that consumption of high-fat meals during intentional weight loss triggers a prothrombotic state by increasing postprandial F1+2 or decreasing fibrin clot lysis in individuals with obesity, and that the response associates with the gut bacteria composition. A cross-over meal study was conducted in patients admitted to bariatric surgery during dietary weight loss (N = 20) and surgical weight loss (N = 16) (weight loss groups). High-fat (67 E%) and low-fat (16 E%) meals were served at 08:15 and 10:00 on 2 study days. Blood samples collected at 08:00 (fasting), 12:00, and 14:00 were analyzed for triglycerides, activated factor VII (FVIIa), F1+2, D-dimer, fibrinogen, tissue factor, and fibrin clot lysis. The proportion of Gram-negative bacteria and bacterial diversity were analyzed in fecal samples obtained less than 24 hours before the meal test. Triglyceride and FVIIa increased after high-fat meals in both weight loss groups, whereas D-dimer (dietary group) and F1+2 decreased and tissue factor and fibrin clot lysis did not change. There was a negative association between the proportion of Gram-negative bacteria and changes in FVIIa in the surgery group. Postprandial FVII activation after high-fat meals is not accompanied by increased F1+2, irrespective of the weight loss intervention, but might be associated with the proportion of Gram-negative gut bacteria.

Original languageEnglish
JournalNutrition Research
Volume97
Pages (from-to)1-10
ISSN0271-5317
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2022

Keywords

  • Bariatric surgery
  • Catabolic state
  • Coagulation activation
  • Gut microbiota
  • Hemostasis

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