Glycopeptide profiling of beta-2-glycoprotein I by mass spectrometry reveals attenuated sialylation in patients with antiphospholipid syndrome

Akira Kondo, Toshiaki Miyamoto, Osamu Yonekawa, Anders Giessing, Eva Christina Østerlund, Ole N Jensen

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

beta2-glycoprotein I (beta2GPI) is a five-domain protein associated with the antiphospholipid syndrome (APS), however, its normal biological function is yet to be defined. beta2GPI is N-glycosylated at several asparagine residues and the glycan moiety conjugated to residue 143 has been proposed to interact with the Gly40-Arg43 motif of beta2GPI. The Gly40-Arg43 motif has also been proposed to serve as the epitope for the anti-beta2GPI autoantibody associated with APS. We hypothesized that the structure or composition of the glycan at Asn-143 might be associated with the APS symptom by shielding or exposing the Gly40-Arg43 motif towards the anti-beta2GPI autoantibody. To test this hypothesis we used mass spectrometry (MS) for comparative glycopeptide profiling of human beta2GPI obtained from blood serum from four healthy test subjects and six APS patients. It revealed significant differences in the extent of sialylation and branching of glycans at Asn-143. Biantennary glycans were more abundant than triantennary glycans at Asn-143 in both healthy subjects and patients. In APS patient samples we observed a decrease in sialylated triantennary glycans and an increase in sialylated biantennary glycan structures, as compared to controls. These data indicate that some APS patients have beta2GPI molecules with a reduced number of negatively charged sialic acid units in the glycan structure at Asn-143. This alteration of the electrostatic properties of the glycan moiety may attenuate the intramolecular interactions with the positively charged Gly40-Arg43 motif of beta2GPI and, in turn, leads to conformational instability and exposure of the disease-related linear epitope Gly40-Arg43 to the circulating autoantibody. Thus, our study suggests a link between site-specific glycan profiles of beta2GPI and the pathology of antiphospholipid syndrome.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Proteomics
Volume73
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)123-133
ISSN1874-3919
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 23. Aug 2009

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beta 2-Glycoprotein I
Antiphospholipid Syndrome
Glycopeptides
Mass spectrometry
Polysaccharides
Autoantibodies
Epitopes
Asparagine
N-Acetylneuraminic Acid
Pathology
Static Electricity
Shielding
Electrostatics
Blood

Cite this

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title = "Glycopeptide profiling of beta-2-glycoprotein I by mass spectrometry reveals attenuated sialylation in patients with antiphospholipid syndrome",
abstract = "beta2-glycoprotein I (beta2GPI) is a five-domain protein associated with the antiphospholipid syndrome (APS), however, its normal biological function is yet to be defined. beta2GPI is N-glycosylated at several asparagine residues and the glycan moiety conjugated to residue 143 has been proposed to interact with the Gly40-Arg43 motif of beta2GPI. The Gly40-Arg43 motif has also been proposed to serve as the epitope for the anti-beta2GPI autoantibody associated with APS. We hypothesized that the structure or composition of the glycan at Asn-143 might be associated with the APS symptom by shielding or exposing the Gly40-Arg43 motif towards the anti-beta2GPI autoantibody. To test this hypothesis we used mass spectrometry (MS) for comparative glycopeptide profiling of human beta2GPI obtained from blood serum from four healthy test subjects and six APS patients. It revealed significant differences in the extent of sialylation and branching of glycans at Asn-143. Biantennary glycans were more abundant than triantennary glycans at Asn-143 in both healthy subjects and patients. In APS patient samples we observed a decrease in sialylated triantennary glycans and an increase in sialylated biantennary glycan structures, as compared to controls. These data indicate that some APS patients have beta2GPI molecules with a reduced number of negatively charged sialic acid units in the glycan structure at Asn-143. This alteration of the electrostatic properties of the glycan moiety may attenuate the intramolecular interactions with the positively charged Gly40-Arg43 motif of beta2GPI and, in turn, leads to conformational instability and exposure of the disease-related linear epitope Gly40-Arg43 to the circulating autoantibody. Thus, our study suggests a link between site-specific glycan profiles of beta2GPI and the pathology of antiphospholipid syndrome.",
author = "Akira Kondo and Toshiaki Miyamoto and Osamu Yonekawa and Anders Giessing and {\O}sterlund, {Eva Christina} and Jensen, {Ole N}",
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language = "English",
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pages = "123--133",
journal = "Journal of Proteomics",
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Glycopeptide profiling of beta-2-glycoprotein I by mass spectrometry reveals attenuated sialylation in patients with antiphospholipid syndrome. / Kondo, Akira; Miyamoto, Toshiaki; Yonekawa, Osamu; Giessing, Anders; Østerlund, Eva Christina; Jensen, Ole N.

In: Journal of Proteomics, Vol. 73, No. 1, 23.08.2009, p. 123-133.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Glycopeptide profiling of beta-2-glycoprotein I by mass spectrometry reveals attenuated sialylation in patients with antiphospholipid syndrome

AU - Kondo, Akira

AU - Miyamoto, Toshiaki

AU - Yonekawa, Osamu

AU - Giessing, Anders

AU - Østerlund, Eva Christina

AU - Jensen, Ole N

PY - 2009/8/23

Y1 - 2009/8/23

N2 - beta2-glycoprotein I (beta2GPI) is a five-domain protein associated with the antiphospholipid syndrome (APS), however, its normal biological function is yet to be defined. beta2GPI is N-glycosylated at several asparagine residues and the glycan moiety conjugated to residue 143 has been proposed to interact with the Gly40-Arg43 motif of beta2GPI. The Gly40-Arg43 motif has also been proposed to serve as the epitope for the anti-beta2GPI autoantibody associated with APS. We hypothesized that the structure or composition of the glycan at Asn-143 might be associated with the APS symptom by shielding or exposing the Gly40-Arg43 motif towards the anti-beta2GPI autoantibody. To test this hypothesis we used mass spectrometry (MS) for comparative glycopeptide profiling of human beta2GPI obtained from blood serum from four healthy test subjects and six APS patients. It revealed significant differences in the extent of sialylation and branching of glycans at Asn-143. Biantennary glycans were more abundant than triantennary glycans at Asn-143 in both healthy subjects and patients. In APS patient samples we observed a decrease in sialylated triantennary glycans and an increase in sialylated biantennary glycan structures, as compared to controls. These data indicate that some APS patients have beta2GPI molecules with a reduced number of negatively charged sialic acid units in the glycan structure at Asn-143. This alteration of the electrostatic properties of the glycan moiety may attenuate the intramolecular interactions with the positively charged Gly40-Arg43 motif of beta2GPI and, in turn, leads to conformational instability and exposure of the disease-related linear epitope Gly40-Arg43 to the circulating autoantibody. Thus, our study suggests a link between site-specific glycan profiles of beta2GPI and the pathology of antiphospholipid syndrome.

AB - beta2-glycoprotein I (beta2GPI) is a five-domain protein associated with the antiphospholipid syndrome (APS), however, its normal biological function is yet to be defined. beta2GPI is N-glycosylated at several asparagine residues and the glycan moiety conjugated to residue 143 has been proposed to interact with the Gly40-Arg43 motif of beta2GPI. The Gly40-Arg43 motif has also been proposed to serve as the epitope for the anti-beta2GPI autoantibody associated with APS. We hypothesized that the structure or composition of the glycan at Asn-143 might be associated with the APS symptom by shielding or exposing the Gly40-Arg43 motif towards the anti-beta2GPI autoantibody. To test this hypothesis we used mass spectrometry (MS) for comparative glycopeptide profiling of human beta2GPI obtained from blood serum from four healthy test subjects and six APS patients. It revealed significant differences in the extent of sialylation and branching of glycans at Asn-143. Biantennary glycans were more abundant than triantennary glycans at Asn-143 in both healthy subjects and patients. In APS patient samples we observed a decrease in sialylated triantennary glycans and an increase in sialylated biantennary glycan structures, as compared to controls. These data indicate that some APS patients have beta2GPI molecules with a reduced number of negatively charged sialic acid units in the glycan structure at Asn-143. This alteration of the electrostatic properties of the glycan moiety may attenuate the intramolecular interactions with the positively charged Gly40-Arg43 motif of beta2GPI and, in turn, leads to conformational instability and exposure of the disease-related linear epitope Gly40-Arg43 to the circulating autoantibody. Thus, our study suggests a link between site-specific glycan profiles of beta2GPI and the pathology of antiphospholipid syndrome.

U2 - 10.1016/j.jprot.2009.08.007

DO - 10.1016/j.jprot.2009.08.007

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 19706343

VL - 73

SP - 123

EP - 133

JO - Journal of Proteomics

JF - Journal of Proteomics

SN - 1874-3919

IS - 1

ER -