GLA:D® Back: group-based patient education integrated with exercises to support self-management of persistent back pain - feasibility of implementing standardised care by a course for clinicians

Alice Kongsted*, Jan Hartvigsen, Eleanor Boyle, Inge Ris, Per Kjaer, Line Thomassen, Werner Vach

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

70 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Background: Clinical guidelines for management of low back pain (LBP) are not routinely implemented in practice, and guidelines rarely offer tools for implementation. Therefore, we developed GLA:D® Back, a standardised intervention of patient education and supervised exercises. This pilot study tested the feasibility of implementing GLA:D Back in clinical practice in Denmark by delivering a course for physiotherapists and chiropractors. It should further inform the planning of an implementation-effectiveness study using a pre-post group design alongside nation-wide implementation.

Methods: Thirty-one clinicians from nine clinics participated. Feasibility of implementation was evaluated in terms of adoption and through focus group interviews and a feedback meeting. Patient-level data, including pain, disability, and pain enablement, were collected from (1) LBP patients visiting the clinics during a pre-specified 2-week period 2 months prior to clinicians attending the GLA:D Back course (n = 84), (2) LBP patients consulting during a 2-week period 2 months after the course (n = 77), and (3) those enrolled in GLA:D Back during 4 months after implementation (n = 89). Patient data were collected at baseline and at 4 months.

Results: Clinicians' evaluations of the course were positive and resulted in several modifications. The clinical intervention was adopted by all test sites. Most patient characteristics were similar across groups. Patients mainly had persistent LBP (73% > 3 months) and most had been treated for more than 4 weeks at inclusion. Patients in GLA:D Back were more often retired (30% vs. 16% before implementation) and at high risk of poor prognosis (25% vs. 13%). Procedures for data collection were feasible, and outcomes after implementation, especially with GLA:D Back, were as good as or better than before implementation. Recruiting patients and achieving comparable pre- and post-groups was difficult.

Conclusions: Implementation of the GLA:D Back clinical intervention in Danish primary care physiotherapy and chiropractic clinics was feasible through a 2-day clinician course. Both clinicians and patients were satisfied with the programme, and patient-reported outcomes were slightly better than outcomes in patients registered before implementation. It was not deemed possible to conduct an implementation-effectiveness trial as part of a nation-wide implementation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number65
JournalPilot and Feasibility Studies
Volume5
ISSN2055-5784
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Fingerprint

Patient Education
Exercise
Low Back Pain
Chiropractic
Physical Therapists
Denmark
Focus Groups
Practice Guidelines
Primary Health Care
Guidelines
Interviews

Cite this

@article{bac70a63455744c98ded1dfcbc7ef817,
title = "GLA:D{\circledR} Back: group-based patient education integrated with exercises to support self-management of persistent back pain - feasibility of implementing standardised care by a course for clinicians",
abstract = "Background: Clinical guidelines for management of low back pain (LBP) are not routinely implemented in practice, and guidelines rarely offer tools for implementation. Therefore, we developed GLA:D{\circledR} Back, a standardised intervention of patient education and supervised exercises. This pilot study tested the feasibility of implementing GLA:D Back in clinical practice in Denmark by delivering a course for physiotherapists and chiropractors. It should further inform the planning of an implementation-effectiveness study using a pre-post group design alongside nation-wide implementation.Methods: Thirty-one clinicians from nine clinics participated. Feasibility of implementation was evaluated in terms of adoption and through focus group interviews and a feedback meeting. Patient-level data, including pain, disability, and pain enablement, were collected from (1) LBP patients visiting the clinics during a pre-specified 2-week period 2 months prior to clinicians attending the GLA:D Back course (n = 84), (2) LBP patients consulting during a 2-week period 2 months after the course (n = 77), and (3) those enrolled in GLA:D Back during 4 months after implementation (n = 89). Patient data were collected at baseline and at 4 months.Results: Clinicians' evaluations of the course were positive and resulted in several modifications. The clinical intervention was adopted by all test sites. Most patient characteristics were similar across groups. Patients mainly had persistent LBP (73{\%} > 3 months) and most had been treated for more than 4 weeks at inclusion. Patients in GLA:D Back were more often retired (30{\%} vs. 16{\%} before implementation) and at high risk of poor prognosis (25{\%} vs. 13{\%}). Procedures for data collection were feasible, and outcomes after implementation, especially with GLA:D Back, were as good as or better than before implementation. Recruiting patients and achieving comparable pre- and post-groups was difficult.Conclusions: Implementation of the GLA:D Back clinical intervention in Danish primary care physiotherapy and chiropractic clinics was feasible through a 2-day clinician course. Both clinicians and patients were satisfied with the programme, and patient-reported outcomes were slightly better than outcomes in patients registered before implementation. It was not deemed possible to conduct an implementation-effectiveness trial as part of a nation-wide implementation.",
author = "Alice Kongsted and Jan Hartvigsen and Eleanor Boyle and Inge Ris and Per Kjaer and Line Thomassen and Werner Vach",
year = "2019",
doi = "10.1186/s40814-019-0448-z",
language = "English",
volume = "5",
journal = "Pilot and Feasibility Studies",
issn = "2055-5784",
publisher = "BioMed Central",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - GLA:D® Back

T2 - group-based patient education integrated with exercises to support self-management of persistent back pain - feasibility of implementing standardised care by a course for clinicians

AU - Kongsted, Alice

AU - Hartvigsen, Jan

AU - Boyle, Eleanor

AU - Ris, Inge

AU - Kjaer, Per

AU - Thomassen, Line

AU - Vach, Werner

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - Background: Clinical guidelines for management of low back pain (LBP) are not routinely implemented in practice, and guidelines rarely offer tools for implementation. Therefore, we developed GLA:D® Back, a standardised intervention of patient education and supervised exercises. This pilot study tested the feasibility of implementing GLA:D Back in clinical practice in Denmark by delivering a course for physiotherapists and chiropractors. It should further inform the planning of an implementation-effectiveness study using a pre-post group design alongside nation-wide implementation.Methods: Thirty-one clinicians from nine clinics participated. Feasibility of implementation was evaluated in terms of adoption and through focus group interviews and a feedback meeting. Patient-level data, including pain, disability, and pain enablement, were collected from (1) LBP patients visiting the clinics during a pre-specified 2-week period 2 months prior to clinicians attending the GLA:D Back course (n = 84), (2) LBP patients consulting during a 2-week period 2 months after the course (n = 77), and (3) those enrolled in GLA:D Back during 4 months after implementation (n = 89). Patient data were collected at baseline and at 4 months.Results: Clinicians' evaluations of the course were positive and resulted in several modifications. The clinical intervention was adopted by all test sites. Most patient characteristics were similar across groups. Patients mainly had persistent LBP (73% > 3 months) and most had been treated for more than 4 weeks at inclusion. Patients in GLA:D Back were more often retired (30% vs. 16% before implementation) and at high risk of poor prognosis (25% vs. 13%). Procedures for data collection were feasible, and outcomes after implementation, especially with GLA:D Back, were as good as or better than before implementation. Recruiting patients and achieving comparable pre- and post-groups was difficult.Conclusions: Implementation of the GLA:D Back clinical intervention in Danish primary care physiotherapy and chiropractic clinics was feasible through a 2-day clinician course. Both clinicians and patients were satisfied with the programme, and patient-reported outcomes were slightly better than outcomes in patients registered before implementation. It was not deemed possible to conduct an implementation-effectiveness trial as part of a nation-wide implementation.

AB - Background: Clinical guidelines for management of low back pain (LBP) are not routinely implemented in practice, and guidelines rarely offer tools for implementation. Therefore, we developed GLA:D® Back, a standardised intervention of patient education and supervised exercises. This pilot study tested the feasibility of implementing GLA:D Back in clinical practice in Denmark by delivering a course for physiotherapists and chiropractors. It should further inform the planning of an implementation-effectiveness study using a pre-post group design alongside nation-wide implementation.Methods: Thirty-one clinicians from nine clinics participated. Feasibility of implementation was evaluated in terms of adoption and through focus group interviews and a feedback meeting. Patient-level data, including pain, disability, and pain enablement, were collected from (1) LBP patients visiting the clinics during a pre-specified 2-week period 2 months prior to clinicians attending the GLA:D Back course (n = 84), (2) LBP patients consulting during a 2-week period 2 months after the course (n = 77), and (3) those enrolled in GLA:D Back during 4 months after implementation (n = 89). Patient data were collected at baseline and at 4 months.Results: Clinicians' evaluations of the course were positive and resulted in several modifications. The clinical intervention was adopted by all test sites. Most patient characteristics were similar across groups. Patients mainly had persistent LBP (73% > 3 months) and most had been treated for more than 4 weeks at inclusion. Patients in GLA:D Back were more often retired (30% vs. 16% before implementation) and at high risk of poor prognosis (25% vs. 13%). Procedures for data collection were feasible, and outcomes after implementation, especially with GLA:D Back, were as good as or better than before implementation. Recruiting patients and achieving comparable pre- and post-groups was difficult.Conclusions: Implementation of the GLA:D Back clinical intervention in Danish primary care physiotherapy and chiropractic clinics was feasible through a 2-day clinician course. Both clinicians and patients were satisfied with the programme, and patient-reported outcomes were slightly better than outcomes in patients registered before implementation. It was not deemed possible to conduct an implementation-effectiveness trial as part of a nation-wide implementation.

U2 - 10.1186/s40814-019-0448-z

DO - 10.1186/s40814-019-0448-z

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 31086676

VL - 5

JO - Pilot and Feasibility Studies

JF - Pilot and Feasibility Studies

SN - 2055-5784

M1 - 65

ER -