Geolocation with respect to personal privacy for the Allergy Diary app - A MASK study

D. Samreth, S. Arnavielhe, F. Ingenrieth, A. Bedbrook, G. L. Onorato, R. Murray, R. Almeida, M. A. Mizani, J. Fonseca, E. Costa, J. Malva, M. Morais-Almeida, A. M. Pereira, A. Todo-Bom, E. Menditto, C. Stellato, M. T. Ventura, D. Larenas-Linnemann, J. M. Fuentes-Pérez, Y. R. Huerta-VillalobosA. A. Cruz, R. Stelmach, J. Da Silva, R. Emuzyte, V. Kvedariene, A. Valiulis, I. Annesi-Maesano, I. Bosse, P. Demoly, P. Devillier, J. F. Fontaine, P. Kuna, B. Samolinski, L. Klimek, R. Mösges, O. Pfaar, S. Shamai, M. Bewick, D. Ryan, A. Sheikh, J. M. Anto, V. Cardona, J. Mullol, A. Valero, N. H. Chavannes, W. J. Fokkens, S. Reitsma, R. E. Roller-Wirnsberger, C. Bindslev-Jensen, E. Eller

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Abstract

Background: Collecting data on the localization of users is a key issue for the MASK (Mobile Airways Sentinel networK: the Allergy Diary) App. Data anonymization is a method of sanitization for privacy. The European Commission's Article 29 Working Party stated that geolocation information is personal data. To assess geolocation using the MASK method and to compare two anonymization methods in the MASK database to find an optimal privacy method. Methods: Geolocation was studied for all people who used the Allergy Diary App from December 2015 to November 2017 and who reported medical outcomes. Two different anonymization methods have been evaluated: Noise addition (randomization) and k-anonymity (generalization). Results: Ninety-three thousand one hundred and sixteen days of VAS were collected from 8535 users and 54,500 (58.5%) were geolocalized, corresponding to 5428 users. Noise addition was found to be less accurate than k-anonymity using MASK data to protect the users' life privacy. Discussion: k-anonymity is an acceptable method for the anonymization of MASK data and results can be used for other databases.

Original languageEnglish
Article number15
JournalWorld Allergy Organization Journal
Volume11
Number of pages13
ISSN1939-4551
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

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Privacy
Hypersensitivity
Noise
Databases
Random Allocation

Keywords

  • Anonymization
  • App
  • Asthma
  • MASK
  • Rhinitis

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Samreth, D. ; Arnavielhe, S. ; Ingenrieth, F. ; Bedbrook, A. ; Onorato, G. L. ; Murray, R. ; Almeida, R. ; Mizani, M. A. ; Fonseca, J. ; Costa, E. ; Malva, J. ; Morais-Almeida, M. ; Pereira, A. M. ; Todo-Bom, A. ; Menditto, E. ; Stellato, C. ; Ventura, M. T. ; Larenas-Linnemann, D. ; Fuentes-Pérez, J. M. ; Huerta-Villalobos, Y. R. ; Cruz, A. A. ; Stelmach, R. ; Da Silva, J. ; Emuzyte, R. ; Kvedariene, V. ; Valiulis, A. ; Annesi-Maesano, I. ; Bosse, I. ; Demoly, P. ; Devillier, P. ; Fontaine, J. F. ; Kuna, P. ; Samolinski, B. ; Klimek, L. ; Mösges, R. ; Pfaar, O. ; Shamai, S. ; Bewick, M. ; Ryan, D. ; Sheikh, A. ; Anto, J. M. ; Cardona, V. ; Mullol, J. ; Valero, A. ; Chavannes, N. H. ; Fokkens, W. J. ; Reitsma, S. ; Roller-Wirnsberger, R. E. ; Bindslev-Jensen, C. ; Eller, E. / Geolocation with respect to personal privacy for the Allergy Diary app - A MASK study. In: World Allergy Organization Journal. 2018 ; Vol. 11.
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title = "Geolocation with respect to personal privacy for the Allergy Diary app - A MASK study",
abstract = "Background: Collecting data on the localization of users is a key issue for the MASK (Mobile Airways Sentinel networK: the Allergy Diary) App. Data anonymization is a method of sanitization for privacy. The European Commission's Article 29 Working Party stated that geolocation information is personal data. To assess geolocation using the MASK method and to compare two anonymization methods in the MASK database to find an optimal privacy method. Methods: Geolocation was studied for all people who used the Allergy Diary App from December 2015 to November 2017 and who reported medical outcomes. Two different anonymization methods have been evaluated: Noise addition (randomization) and k-anonymity (generalization). Results: Ninety-three thousand one hundred and sixteen days of VAS were collected from 8535 users and 54,500 (58.5{\%}) were geolocalized, corresponding to 5428 users. Noise addition was found to be less accurate than k-anonymity using MASK data to protect the users' life privacy. Discussion: k-anonymity is an acceptable method for the anonymization of MASK data and results can be used for other databases.",
keywords = "Anonymization, App, Asthma, MASK, Rhinitis",
author = "D. Samreth and S. Arnavielhe and F. Ingenrieth and A. Bedbrook and Onorato, {G. L.} and R. Murray and R. Almeida and Mizani, {M. A.} and J. Fonseca and E. Costa and J. Malva and M. Morais-Almeida and Pereira, {A. M.} and A. Todo-Bom and E. Menditto and C. Stellato and Ventura, {M. T.} and D. Larenas-Linnemann and Fuentes-P{\'e}rez, {J. M.} and Huerta-Villalobos, {Y. R.} and Cruz, {A. A.} and R. Stelmach and {Da Silva}, J. and R. Emuzyte and V. Kvedariene and A. Valiulis and I. Annesi-Maesano and I. Bosse and P. Demoly and P. Devillier and Fontaine, {J. F.} and P. Kuna and B. Samolinski and L. Klimek and R. M{\"o}sges and O. Pfaar and S. Shamai and M. Bewick and D. Ryan and A. Sheikh and Anto, {J. M.} and V. Cardona and J. Mullol and A. Valero and Chavannes, {N. H.} and Fokkens, {W. J.} and S. Reitsma and Roller-Wirnsberger, {R. E.} and C. Bindslev-Jensen and E. Eller",
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language = "English",
volume = "11",
journal = "The World Allergy Organization Journal",
issn = "1939-4551",
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Samreth, D, Arnavielhe, S, Ingenrieth, F, Bedbrook, A, Onorato, GL, Murray, R, Almeida, R, Mizani, MA, Fonseca, J, Costa, E, Malva, J, Morais-Almeida, M, Pereira, AM, Todo-Bom, A, Menditto, E, Stellato, C, Ventura, MT, Larenas-Linnemann, D, Fuentes-Pérez, JM, Huerta-Villalobos, YR, Cruz, AA, Stelmach, R, Da Silva, J, Emuzyte, R, Kvedariene, V, Valiulis, A, Annesi-Maesano, I, Bosse, I, Demoly, P, Devillier, P, Fontaine, JF, Kuna, P, Samolinski, B, Klimek, L, Mösges, R, Pfaar, O, Shamai, S, Bewick, M, Ryan, D, Sheikh, A, Anto, JM, Cardona, V, Mullol, J, Valero, A, Chavannes, NH, Fokkens, WJ, Reitsma, S, Roller-Wirnsberger, RE, Bindslev-Jensen, C & Eller, E 2018, 'Geolocation with respect to personal privacy for the Allergy Diary app - A MASK study', World Allergy Organization Journal, vol. 11, 15. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40413-018-0194-3

Geolocation with respect to personal privacy for the Allergy Diary app - A MASK study. / Samreth, D.; Arnavielhe, S.; Ingenrieth, F.; Bedbrook, A.; Onorato, G. L.; Murray, R.; Almeida, R.; Mizani, M. A.; Fonseca, J.; Costa, E.; Malva, J.; Morais-Almeida, M.; Pereira, A. M.; Todo-Bom, A.; Menditto, E.; Stellato, C.; Ventura, M. T.; Larenas-Linnemann, D.; Fuentes-Pérez, J. M.; Huerta-Villalobos, Y. R.; Cruz, A. A.; Stelmach, R.; Da Silva, J.; Emuzyte, R.; Kvedariene, V.; Valiulis, A.; Annesi-Maesano, I.; Bosse, I.; Demoly, P.; Devillier, P.; Fontaine, J. F.; Kuna, P.; Samolinski, B.; Klimek, L.; Mösges, R.; Pfaar, O.; Shamai, S.; Bewick, M.; Ryan, D.; Sheikh, A.; Anto, J. M.; Cardona, V.; Mullol, J.; Valero, A.; Chavannes, N. H.; Fokkens, W. J.; Reitsma, S.; Roller-Wirnsberger, R. E.; Bindslev-Jensen, C.; Eller, E.

In: World Allergy Organization Journal, Vol. 11, 15, 2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Geolocation with respect to personal privacy for the Allergy Diary app - A MASK study

AU - Samreth, D.

AU - Arnavielhe, S.

AU - Ingenrieth, F.

AU - Bedbrook, A.

AU - Onorato, G. L.

AU - Murray, R.

AU - Almeida, R.

AU - Mizani, M. A.

AU - Fonseca, J.

AU - Costa, E.

AU - Malva, J.

AU - Morais-Almeida, M.

AU - Pereira, A. M.

AU - Todo-Bom, A.

AU - Menditto, E.

AU - Stellato, C.

AU - Ventura, M. T.

AU - Larenas-Linnemann, D.

AU - Fuentes-Pérez, J. M.

AU - Huerta-Villalobos, Y. R.

AU - Cruz, A. A.

AU - Stelmach, R.

AU - Da Silva, J.

AU - Emuzyte, R.

AU - Kvedariene, V.

AU - Valiulis, A.

AU - Annesi-Maesano, I.

AU - Bosse, I.

AU - Demoly, P.

AU - Devillier, P.

AU - Fontaine, J. F.

AU - Kuna, P.

AU - Samolinski, B.

AU - Klimek, L.

AU - Mösges, R.

AU - Pfaar, O.

AU - Shamai, S.

AU - Bewick, M.

AU - Ryan, D.

AU - Sheikh, A.

AU - Anto, J. M.

AU - Cardona, V.

AU - Mullol, J.

AU - Valero, A.

AU - Chavannes, N. H.

AU - Fokkens, W. J.

AU - Reitsma, S.

AU - Roller-Wirnsberger, R. E.

AU - Bindslev-Jensen, C.

AU - Eller, E.

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - Background: Collecting data on the localization of users is a key issue for the MASK (Mobile Airways Sentinel networK: the Allergy Diary) App. Data anonymization is a method of sanitization for privacy. The European Commission's Article 29 Working Party stated that geolocation information is personal data. To assess geolocation using the MASK method and to compare two anonymization methods in the MASK database to find an optimal privacy method. Methods: Geolocation was studied for all people who used the Allergy Diary App from December 2015 to November 2017 and who reported medical outcomes. Two different anonymization methods have been evaluated: Noise addition (randomization) and k-anonymity (generalization). Results: Ninety-three thousand one hundred and sixteen days of VAS were collected from 8535 users and 54,500 (58.5%) were geolocalized, corresponding to 5428 users. Noise addition was found to be less accurate than k-anonymity using MASK data to protect the users' life privacy. Discussion: k-anonymity is an acceptable method for the anonymization of MASK data and results can be used for other databases.

AB - Background: Collecting data on the localization of users is a key issue for the MASK (Mobile Airways Sentinel networK: the Allergy Diary) App. Data anonymization is a method of sanitization for privacy. The European Commission's Article 29 Working Party stated that geolocation information is personal data. To assess geolocation using the MASK method and to compare two anonymization methods in the MASK database to find an optimal privacy method. Methods: Geolocation was studied for all people who used the Allergy Diary App from December 2015 to November 2017 and who reported medical outcomes. Two different anonymization methods have been evaluated: Noise addition (randomization) and k-anonymity (generalization). Results: Ninety-three thousand one hundred and sixteen days of VAS were collected from 8535 users and 54,500 (58.5%) were geolocalized, corresponding to 5428 users. Noise addition was found to be less accurate than k-anonymity using MASK data to protect the users' life privacy. Discussion: k-anonymity is an acceptable method for the anonymization of MASK data and results can be used for other databases.

KW - Anonymization

KW - App

KW - Asthma

KW - MASK

KW - Rhinitis

U2 - 10.1186/s40413-018-0194-3

DO - 10.1186/s40413-018-0194-3

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 30061979

AN - SCOPUS:85050107373

VL - 11

JO - The World Allergy Organization Journal

JF - The World Allergy Organization Journal

SN - 1939-4551

M1 - 15

ER -