Geo-political conflicts, economic sanctions and international knowledge flows

Teemu Makkonen, Timo Mitze*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Working paperResearch

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We address the question how sensitive international knowledge flows respond to geo-political conflicts taking the politico-economic tensions between EU-Russia since the Ukraine crisis 2014 as case study. We base our econometric analysis on comprehensive data covering more than 500 million scientific publications and 8 million international co-publications between 1995 and 2018. Our findings indicate that the imposition of EU sanctions and Russian counter-sanctions from 2014 onwards has significant negative effects on bilateral international scientific co-publication rates between EU countries and Russia. Depending on the chosen control group and sectors considered, effect size ranges from 15% to 70%. Effects are also observed to grow over time.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages32
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2021


  • econ.GN
  • q-fin.EC


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