Gender-specific predictors of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Adolescents: The role of problematic substance use and interpersonal relationships

Dagmar Feddern Donbaek, Ask Elklit

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Gender is an important risk factor for both posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and substance use disorders (SUD) in adolescents; however, little is known about the influence of gender when considering their common co-occurrence. This study examined independent predictors of PTSD severity between genders in a Danish probability sample of 15- to 18-year-old males (n = 863) and females (n = 1,125). The results showed that drug abuse and avoidant attachment to best friends were significant predictors of PTSD severity in male adolescents, whereas alcohol abuse and the absence of posttraumatic social support from parents remained significant predictors for female adolescents. The results support the influence of gender-specific substance abuse patterns and dysfunctional interpersonal relationships on the PTSD severity of traumatized adolescents.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Child & Adolescent Trauma
Volume8
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)161-172
ISSN1936-1521
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Keywords

  • Adolescence
  • Co-morbidity
  • Gender differences
  • Substance abuse
  • Substance use disorder
  • Trauma

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Gender-specific predictors of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Adolescents: The role of problematic substance use and interpersonal relationships'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this