Gender-dependent evaluation of football as medicine for prediabetes

Magni Mohr*, May Britt Skoradal, Thomas Rostgaard Andersen, Peter Krustrup

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: Training intensity and health effects of football were investigated gender specifically in individuals with prediabetes. Methods: Participants with prediabetes (age 60 ± 6 years) were randomised into a football and dietary advice group (FD-men n = 13 and FD-women n = 14) or a dietary advice only group (D-men n = 12 and D-women n = 11). FD performed football training (twice/week for 16 weeks), while both groups received dietary advice. Body composition, bone variables, blood pressure, blood lipid profile and peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak) were determined pre- and post-intervention. Results: Mean heart rate during football training was 79 ± 2 and 80 ± 3% HRmax for FD-men and FD-women, respectively, with peak heart rate values of 96 ± 1 and 97 ± 2% HRmax, with no gender differences. VO2peak increased more (P < 0.05) in FD-men and FD-women than in D-men and D-women. However, relative delta change in VO2peak was 21 ± 14% in FD-women, which was greater (P < 0.05) than in FD-men (11 ± 12%). Reduction in SBP and DBP, respectively, was similar in FD-men (− 10.8 ± 13.0 and − 7.3 ± 11.8 mmHg) and FD-women (− 11.3 ± 11.0 and − 7.1 ± 6.2 mmHg), with within-gender differences for men. Total plasma cholesterol and LDL cholesterol decreased (P < 0.05) by − 0.7 ± 1.1 and − 0.5 ± 0.9 mmol L−1, respectively, in FD-women and − 0.2 ± 0.4 and − 0.2 ± 0.3 mmol L−1 in FD-men, with no significant gender differences (P = 0.08). Body fat content was lowered (P < 0.05) by 3 and 4%-points in FD-men and FD-women, respectively. Conclusion: Gender-mixed football training combined with dietary advice causes broad-spectrum health effects for men and women with prediabetes, with minor gender-specific differences. Thus, the intensity and training-induced effects of football training are also high for elderly women with prediabetes.

Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean Journal of Applied Physiology
Volume119
Issue number9
Pages (from-to)2011-2024
ISSN1439-6319
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2019

Fingerprint

Prediabetic State
Football
Women's Health
LDL Cholesterol
Adipose Tissue
Oxygen
Lipids

Keywords

  • Blood pressure
  • Cardiometabolic fitness
  • Cholesterol
  • Fat percentage
  • Soccer
  • VO

Cite this

Mohr, Magni ; Skoradal, May Britt ; Andersen, Thomas Rostgaard ; Krustrup, Peter. / Gender-dependent evaluation of football as medicine for prediabetes. In: European Journal of Applied Physiology. 2019 ; Vol. 119, No. 9. pp. 2011-2024.
@article{35a12be6506c4286bf3717a457995d08,
title = "Gender-dependent evaluation of football as medicine for prediabetes",
abstract = "Purpose: Training intensity and health effects of football were investigated gender specifically in individuals with prediabetes. Methods: Participants with prediabetes (age 60 ± 6 years) were randomised into a football and dietary advice group (FD-men n = 13 and FD-women n = 14) or a dietary advice only group (D-men n = 12 and D-women n = 11). FD performed football training (twice/week for 16 weeks), while both groups received dietary advice. Body composition, bone variables, blood pressure, blood lipid profile and peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak) were determined pre- and post-intervention. Results: Mean heart rate during football training was 79 ± 2 and 80 ± 3{\%} HRmax for FD-men and FD-women, respectively, with peak heart rate values of 96 ± 1 and 97 ± 2{\%} HRmax, with no gender differences. VO2peak increased more (P < 0.05) in FD-men and FD-women than in D-men and D-women. However, relative delta change in VO2peak was 21 ± 14{\%} in FD-women, which was greater (P < 0.05) than in FD-men (11 ± 12{\%}). Reduction in SBP and DBP, respectively, was similar in FD-men (− 10.8 ± 13.0 and − 7.3 ± 11.8 mmHg) and FD-women (− 11.3 ± 11.0 and − 7.1 ± 6.2 mmHg), with within-gender differences for men. Total plasma cholesterol and LDL cholesterol decreased (P < 0.05) by − 0.7 ± 1.1 and − 0.5 ± 0.9 mmol L−1, respectively, in FD-women and − 0.2 ± 0.4 and − 0.2 ± 0.3 mmol L−1 in FD-men, with no significant gender differences (P = 0.08). Body fat content was lowered (P < 0.05) by 3 and 4{\%}-points in FD-men and FD-women, respectively. Conclusion: Gender-mixed football training combined with dietary advice causes broad-spectrum health effects for men and women with prediabetes, with minor gender-specific differences. Thus, the intensity and training-induced effects of football training are also high for elderly women with prediabetes.",
keywords = "Blood pressure, Cardiometabolic fitness, Cholesterol, Fat percentage, Soccer, VO",
author = "Magni Mohr and Skoradal, {May Britt} and Andersen, {Thomas Rostgaard} and Peter Krustrup",
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Gender-dependent evaluation of football as medicine for prediabetes. / Mohr, Magni; Skoradal, May Britt; Andersen, Thomas Rostgaard; Krustrup, Peter.

In: European Journal of Applied Physiology, Vol. 119, No. 9, 09.2019, p. 2011-2024.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Gender-dependent evaluation of football as medicine for prediabetes

AU - Mohr, Magni

AU - Skoradal, May Britt

AU - Andersen, Thomas Rostgaard

AU - Krustrup, Peter

PY - 2019/9

Y1 - 2019/9

N2 - Purpose: Training intensity and health effects of football were investigated gender specifically in individuals with prediabetes. Methods: Participants with prediabetes (age 60 ± 6 years) were randomised into a football and dietary advice group (FD-men n = 13 and FD-women n = 14) or a dietary advice only group (D-men n = 12 and D-women n = 11). FD performed football training (twice/week for 16 weeks), while both groups received dietary advice. Body composition, bone variables, blood pressure, blood lipid profile and peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak) were determined pre- and post-intervention. Results: Mean heart rate during football training was 79 ± 2 and 80 ± 3% HRmax for FD-men and FD-women, respectively, with peak heart rate values of 96 ± 1 and 97 ± 2% HRmax, with no gender differences. VO2peak increased more (P < 0.05) in FD-men and FD-women than in D-men and D-women. However, relative delta change in VO2peak was 21 ± 14% in FD-women, which was greater (P < 0.05) than in FD-men (11 ± 12%). Reduction in SBP and DBP, respectively, was similar in FD-men (− 10.8 ± 13.0 and − 7.3 ± 11.8 mmHg) and FD-women (− 11.3 ± 11.0 and − 7.1 ± 6.2 mmHg), with within-gender differences for men. Total plasma cholesterol and LDL cholesterol decreased (P < 0.05) by − 0.7 ± 1.1 and − 0.5 ± 0.9 mmol L−1, respectively, in FD-women and − 0.2 ± 0.4 and − 0.2 ± 0.3 mmol L−1 in FD-men, with no significant gender differences (P = 0.08). Body fat content was lowered (P < 0.05) by 3 and 4%-points in FD-men and FD-women, respectively. Conclusion: Gender-mixed football training combined with dietary advice causes broad-spectrum health effects for men and women with prediabetes, with minor gender-specific differences. Thus, the intensity and training-induced effects of football training are also high for elderly women with prediabetes.

AB - Purpose: Training intensity and health effects of football were investigated gender specifically in individuals with prediabetes. Methods: Participants with prediabetes (age 60 ± 6 years) were randomised into a football and dietary advice group (FD-men n = 13 and FD-women n = 14) or a dietary advice only group (D-men n = 12 and D-women n = 11). FD performed football training (twice/week for 16 weeks), while both groups received dietary advice. Body composition, bone variables, blood pressure, blood lipid profile and peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak) were determined pre- and post-intervention. Results: Mean heart rate during football training was 79 ± 2 and 80 ± 3% HRmax for FD-men and FD-women, respectively, with peak heart rate values of 96 ± 1 and 97 ± 2% HRmax, with no gender differences. VO2peak increased more (P < 0.05) in FD-men and FD-women than in D-men and D-women. However, relative delta change in VO2peak was 21 ± 14% in FD-women, which was greater (P < 0.05) than in FD-men (11 ± 12%). Reduction in SBP and DBP, respectively, was similar in FD-men (− 10.8 ± 13.0 and − 7.3 ± 11.8 mmHg) and FD-women (− 11.3 ± 11.0 and − 7.1 ± 6.2 mmHg), with within-gender differences for men. Total plasma cholesterol and LDL cholesterol decreased (P < 0.05) by − 0.7 ± 1.1 and − 0.5 ± 0.9 mmol L−1, respectively, in FD-women and − 0.2 ± 0.4 and − 0.2 ± 0.3 mmol L−1 in FD-men, with no significant gender differences (P = 0.08). Body fat content was lowered (P < 0.05) by 3 and 4%-points in FD-men and FD-women, respectively. Conclusion: Gender-mixed football training combined with dietary advice causes broad-spectrum health effects for men and women with prediabetes, with minor gender-specific differences. Thus, the intensity and training-induced effects of football training are also high for elderly women with prediabetes.

KW - Blood pressure

KW - Cardiometabolic fitness

KW - Cholesterol

KW - Fat percentage

KW - Soccer

KW - VO

U2 - 10.1007/s00421-019-04188-5

DO - 10.1007/s00421-019-04188-5

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 31346789

AN - SCOPUS:85069682567

VL - 119

SP - 2011

EP - 2024

JO - European Journal of Applied Physiology

JF - European Journal of Applied Physiology

SN - 1439-6319

IS - 9

ER -