Gambling behavior and problem gambling reflecting social transition and traumatic childhood events among Greenland Inuit: A cross-sectional population study

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Abstract

Aims: An increase in social pathologies is a key feature in indigenous populations undergoing transition. The Greenland Inuit are a large indigenous population constituting a majority in their own country, which makes it possible to investigate differences within the population. This led us to study gambling behavior and problem gambling among Greenland Inuit in relation to the ongoing social transition and traumatic events during childhood.

Design, settings and participants: A large representative cross-sectional study among Greenland Inuit (n=2189). Data was collected among adults (18+) in 9 towns and 13 villages in Greenland from 2005-2010.

Measurements: Problem gambling, gambling behavior and traumatic childhood events were measured through a self-administered questionnaire. The lie/bet screen was used to identify past year and lifetime problem gambling. Social transition was measured as place of residence and a combination of residence, education and occupation.

Findings: The lifetime prevalence of problem gambling was 16% among men and 10% among women (p<0.0001); and higher in towns (19%) compared to the capital of Nuuk (11%) and in villages (12%) (men only, p=0.020). Lifetime problem gambling was associated with social transition (p=0.023), alcohol problems in childhood home (p=0.001/p=0.002) and sexual abuse in childhood (women only, p=0.030).

Conclusions: A comparably high prevalence of lifetime problem gambling among Greenland Inuit adds problem gambling to the list of social pathologies in Greenland. A significant association between lifetime problem gambling, social transition and traumatic childhood events suggests people caught between tradition and modern ways of life are more vulnerable to gambling problems.
Original languageEnglish
Publication date6. Aug 2012
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - 6. Aug 2012
Event15th International Congress on Circumpolar Health - University of Alaska, Fairbanks, Fairbanks, United States
Duration: 5. Aug 201210. Aug 2012
Conference number: 15

Conference

Conference15th International Congress on Circumpolar Health
Number15
LocationUniversity of Alaska, Fairbanks
CountryUnited States
CityFairbanks
Period05/08/201210/08/2012

Cite this

@conference{d0a31da1742b4392b87eead02b934af9,
title = "Gambling behavior and problem gambling reflecting social transition and traumatic childhood events among Greenland Inuit: A cross-sectional population study",
abstract = "Aims: An increase in social pathologies is a key feature in indigenous populations undergoing transition. The Greenland Inuit are a large indigenous population constituting a majority in their own country, which makes it possible to investigate differences within the population. This led us to study gambling behavior and problem gambling among Greenland Inuit in relation to the ongoing social transition and traumatic events during childhood. Design, settings and participants: A large representative cross-sectional study among Greenland Inuit (n=2189). Data was collected among adults (18+) in 9 towns and 13 villages in Greenland from 2005-2010. Measurements: Problem gambling, gambling behavior and traumatic childhood events were measured through a self-administered questionnaire. The lie/bet screen was used to identify past year and lifetime problem gambling. Social transition was measured as place of residence and a combination of residence, education and occupation. Findings: The lifetime prevalence of problem gambling was 16{\%} among men and 10{\%} among women (p<0.0001); and higher in towns (19{\%}) compared to the capital of Nuuk (11{\%}) and in villages (12{\%}) (men only, p=0.020). Lifetime problem gambling was associated with social transition (p=0.023), alcohol problems in childhood home (p=0.001/p=0.002) and sexual abuse in childhood (women only, p=0.030). Conclusions: A comparably high prevalence of lifetime problem gambling among Greenland Inuit adds problem gambling to the list of social pathologies in Greenland. A significant association between lifetime problem gambling, social transition and traumatic childhood events suggests people caught between tradition and modern ways of life are more vulnerable to gambling problems.",
keywords = "Ludomani, Gr{\o}nland, Inuit, Social transition",
author = "Larsen, {Christina Viskum Lytken} and Tine Curtis and Peter Bjerregaard",
year = "2012",
month = "8",
day = "6",
language = "English",
note = "null ; Conference date: 05-08-2012 Through 10-08-2012",

}

Larsen, CVL, Curtis, T & Bjerregaard, P 2012, 'Gambling behavior and problem gambling reflecting social transition and traumatic childhood events among Greenland Inuit: A cross-sectional population study', 15th International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Fairbanks, United States, 05/08/2012 - 10/08/2012.

Gambling behavior and problem gambling reflecting social transition and traumatic childhood events among Greenland Inuit : A cross-sectional population study. / Larsen, Christina Viskum Lytken; Curtis, Tine; Bjerregaard, Peter.

2012. Poster session presented at 15th International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Fairbanks, United States.

Research output: Contribution to conference without publisher/journalPosterResearch

TY - CONF

T1 - Gambling behavior and problem gambling reflecting social transition and traumatic childhood events among Greenland Inuit

T2 - A cross-sectional population study

AU - Larsen, Christina Viskum Lytken

AU - Curtis, Tine

AU - Bjerregaard, Peter

PY - 2012/8/6

Y1 - 2012/8/6

N2 - Aims: An increase in social pathologies is a key feature in indigenous populations undergoing transition. The Greenland Inuit are a large indigenous population constituting a majority in their own country, which makes it possible to investigate differences within the population. This led us to study gambling behavior and problem gambling among Greenland Inuit in relation to the ongoing social transition and traumatic events during childhood. Design, settings and participants: A large representative cross-sectional study among Greenland Inuit (n=2189). Data was collected among adults (18+) in 9 towns and 13 villages in Greenland from 2005-2010. Measurements: Problem gambling, gambling behavior and traumatic childhood events were measured through a self-administered questionnaire. The lie/bet screen was used to identify past year and lifetime problem gambling. Social transition was measured as place of residence and a combination of residence, education and occupation. Findings: The lifetime prevalence of problem gambling was 16% among men and 10% among women (p<0.0001); and higher in towns (19%) compared to the capital of Nuuk (11%) and in villages (12%) (men only, p=0.020). Lifetime problem gambling was associated with social transition (p=0.023), alcohol problems in childhood home (p=0.001/p=0.002) and sexual abuse in childhood (women only, p=0.030). Conclusions: A comparably high prevalence of lifetime problem gambling among Greenland Inuit adds problem gambling to the list of social pathologies in Greenland. A significant association between lifetime problem gambling, social transition and traumatic childhood events suggests people caught between tradition and modern ways of life are more vulnerable to gambling problems.

AB - Aims: An increase in social pathologies is a key feature in indigenous populations undergoing transition. The Greenland Inuit are a large indigenous population constituting a majority in their own country, which makes it possible to investigate differences within the population. This led us to study gambling behavior and problem gambling among Greenland Inuit in relation to the ongoing social transition and traumatic events during childhood. Design, settings and participants: A large representative cross-sectional study among Greenland Inuit (n=2189). Data was collected among adults (18+) in 9 towns and 13 villages in Greenland from 2005-2010. Measurements: Problem gambling, gambling behavior and traumatic childhood events were measured through a self-administered questionnaire. The lie/bet screen was used to identify past year and lifetime problem gambling. Social transition was measured as place of residence and a combination of residence, education and occupation. Findings: The lifetime prevalence of problem gambling was 16% among men and 10% among women (p<0.0001); and higher in towns (19%) compared to the capital of Nuuk (11%) and in villages (12%) (men only, p=0.020). Lifetime problem gambling was associated with social transition (p=0.023), alcohol problems in childhood home (p=0.001/p=0.002) and sexual abuse in childhood (women only, p=0.030). Conclusions: A comparably high prevalence of lifetime problem gambling among Greenland Inuit adds problem gambling to the list of social pathologies in Greenland. A significant association between lifetime problem gambling, social transition and traumatic childhood events suggests people caught between tradition and modern ways of life are more vulnerable to gambling problems.

KW - Ludomani, Grønland, Inuit, Social transition

M3 - Poster

ER -

Larsen CVL, Curtis T, Bjerregaard P. Gambling behavior and problem gambling reflecting social transition and traumatic childhood events among Greenland Inuit: A cross-sectional population study. 2012. Poster session presented at 15th International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Fairbanks, United States.