From Military State to Welfare State: The Warfare-Welfare Nexus in Denmark, 1848-1950s

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Abstract

Compared to most other countries, Denmark was only marginally affected by the two world wars. However, this does not mean that war had no impact on the historical development of the Danish welfare state. First, the formation of the nation state is directly linked to war and military defeats. As a result, Denmark gradually went from being a medium-sized European power to a small nation state with a very homogeneous population. Second, being a small state, the overall Danish security strategy was a passive one from 1870 to the end of the Cold War with a focus on domestic issues. The welfare state is part of this story. Third, as a consequence of this, the voice of the military was marginalized in politics and almost completely absent in debates on social issues. Still, war was a reality and both world wars affected the Danish social security system in various ways.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationWarfare and Welfare : Military Conflict and Welfare State Development in Western Countries
EditorsHerbert Obinger, Klaus Petersen, Peter Starke
Place of PublicationOxford
PublisherOxford University Press
Publication date23. Aug 2018
Pages290-319
Chapter11
ISBN (Print)9780198779599
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 23. Aug 2018

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