From HealthDrone to FrugalDrone: Value-Sensitive Design of a Blood Sample Transportation Drone

Dylan Cawthorne, Aimee Robbins Van Wynsberghe

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Abstract

In this work the preliminary design of HealthDrone, a cargo drone for blood sample transportation in Denmark, is performed using the value-sensitive design (VSD) methodology and an ethical framework. The ethical framework includes five ethical principles: beneficence, non-maleficence, human autonomy, justice, and explicability. First, a commercially available Wingcopter 178 drone is analyzed in the context of the blood sample transportation case; then, a redesigned drone is proposed. The redesigned drone is renamed FrugalDrone to signify its main beneficent characteristic: providing inexpensive transportation of blood samples. FrugalDrone's design addresses other relevant human values including health, safety, accountability, and environmental impacts. This work is aimed at the drone design community and interdisciplinary researchers. It contributes by evolving the VSD methodology via an ethical framework and applies it to the emerging domain of drones in public healthcare.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2019 IEEE International Symposium on Technology and Society, ISTAS 2019
PublisherIEEE
Publication dateNov 2019
Article number8938019
ISBN (Electronic)9781728154800
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2019
Event2019 IEEE International Symposium on Technology and Society, ISTAS 2019 - Boston, United States
Duration: 15. Nov 201916. Nov 2019

Conference

Conference2019 IEEE International Symposium on Technology and Society, ISTAS 2019
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityBoston
Period15/11/201916/11/2019
SeriesInternational Symposium on Technology and Society, Proceedings
Volume2019-November

Keywords

  • cargo drone design
  • Danish public healthcare
  • ethical framework
  • value-sensitive design (VSD)
  • values hierarchy

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