Predicting PTSD following bank robbery

Research output: Contribution to conference without publisher/journalPosterResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Each year, numerous bank robberies take place worldwide. Even so, only few studies have investigated the psychological sequelae of bank robbery and little is known about the risk factors associated with the development of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) following this potentially traumatic event. Knowledge about risk factors related to PTSD may allow for preventive measures to be taken against the development of PTSD and reduce the large cost associated with the disorder. We investigated multiple predictors of PTSD severity in a highly representative Danish cohort study of bank employees exposed to robbery (N = 371, response rate = 73 %, dropout rate = 18 %). The results of a hierarchical regression analysis showed that 51 % of the variance in PTSD severity could be explained with only peritraumatic dissociation, acute stress disorder (ASD) severity, and negative cognitions about self being significant predictors. However, interpretation of the role of peritraumatic dissociation in the regression model was hampered by a statistical artifact. The results indicate that screening for PTSD following bank robbery should focus on ASD severity, and that it may be possible to develop preventive cognitive interventions targeted at bank employees that focus on changing negative cognitions about self.
Original languageEnglish
Publication date28. Mar 2014
Publication statusPublished - 28. Mar 2014
EventEuropean Society of Trauma and Dissociation - Tivoli Congress Center, København, Denmark
Duration: 27. Mar 201429. Mar 2014

Conference

ConferenceEuropean Society of Trauma and Dissociation
LocationTivoli Congress Center
CountryDenmark
CityKøbenhavn
Period27/03/201429/03/2014

Cite this

Hansen, M., & Elklit, A. (2014). Predicting PTSD following bank robbery. Poster session presented at European Society of Trauma and Dissociation, København, Denmark.
Hansen, Maj ; Elklit, Ask. / Predicting PTSD following bank robbery. Poster session presented at European Society of Trauma and Dissociation, København, Denmark.
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abstract = "Each year, numerous bank robberies take place worldwide. Even so, only few studies have investigated the psychological sequelae of bank robbery and little is known about the risk factors associated with the development of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) following this potentially traumatic event. Knowledge about risk factors related to PTSD may allow for preventive measures to be taken against the development of PTSD and reduce the large cost associated with the disorder. We investigated multiple predictors of PTSD severity in a highly representative Danish cohort study of bank employees exposed to robbery (N = 371, response rate = 73 {\%}, dropout rate = 18 {\%}). The results of a hierarchical regression analysis showed that 51 {\%} of the variance in PTSD severity could be explained with only peritraumatic dissociation, acute stress disorder (ASD) severity, and negative cognitions about self being significant predictors. However, interpretation of the role of peritraumatic dissociation in the regression model was hampered by a statistical artifact. The results indicate that screening for PTSD following bank robbery should focus on ASD severity, and that it may be possible to develop preventive cognitive interventions targeted at bank employees that focus on changing negative cognitions about self.",
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Hansen, M & Elklit, A 2014, 'Predicting PTSD following bank robbery', København, Denmark, 27/03/2014 - 29/03/2014, .

Predicting PTSD following bank robbery. / Hansen, Maj; Elklit, Ask.

2014. Poster session presented at European Society of Trauma and Dissociation, København, Denmark.

Research output: Contribution to conference without publisher/journalPosterResearchpeer-review

TY - CONF

T1 - Predicting PTSD following bank robbery

AU - Hansen, Maj

AU - Elklit, Ask

PY - 2014/3/28

Y1 - 2014/3/28

N2 - Each year, numerous bank robberies take place worldwide. Even so, only few studies have investigated the psychological sequelae of bank robbery and little is known about the risk factors associated with the development of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) following this potentially traumatic event. Knowledge about risk factors related to PTSD may allow for preventive measures to be taken against the development of PTSD and reduce the large cost associated with the disorder. We investigated multiple predictors of PTSD severity in a highly representative Danish cohort study of bank employees exposed to robbery (N = 371, response rate = 73 %, dropout rate = 18 %). The results of a hierarchical regression analysis showed that 51 % of the variance in PTSD severity could be explained with only peritraumatic dissociation, acute stress disorder (ASD) severity, and negative cognitions about self being significant predictors. However, interpretation of the role of peritraumatic dissociation in the regression model was hampered by a statistical artifact. The results indicate that screening for PTSD following bank robbery should focus on ASD severity, and that it may be possible to develop preventive cognitive interventions targeted at bank employees that focus on changing negative cognitions about self.

AB - Each year, numerous bank robberies take place worldwide. Even so, only few studies have investigated the psychological sequelae of bank robbery and little is known about the risk factors associated with the development of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) following this potentially traumatic event. Knowledge about risk factors related to PTSD may allow for preventive measures to be taken against the development of PTSD and reduce the large cost associated with the disorder. We investigated multiple predictors of PTSD severity in a highly representative Danish cohort study of bank employees exposed to robbery (N = 371, response rate = 73 %, dropout rate = 18 %). The results of a hierarchical regression analysis showed that 51 % of the variance in PTSD severity could be explained with only peritraumatic dissociation, acute stress disorder (ASD) severity, and negative cognitions about self being significant predictors. However, interpretation of the role of peritraumatic dissociation in the regression model was hampered by a statistical artifact. The results indicate that screening for PTSD following bank robbery should focus on ASD severity, and that it may be possible to develop preventive cognitive interventions targeted at bank employees that focus on changing negative cognitions about self.

M3 - Poster

ER -

Hansen M, Elklit A. Predicting PTSD following bank robbery. 2014. Poster session presented at European Society of Trauma and Dissociation, København, Denmark.