The aim of this article is, first, to argue that experience-based competence on the part of the researcher is a prerequisite for adequate action research and, second, to discuss the implications of this view for issues of objectivity and validity. The argument is based on an analysis of competence as an action-oriented perspective, termed ‘knowledge in practice', involving the three interrelated aspects ‘linguistically expressible knowledge', ‘practical knowledge' and ‘experience'. It is argued that ‘knowledge in practice' is a necessary condition for an adequate understanding and evaluation of practice and of developments herein. Two strategies for ensuring the presence of the necessary ‘knowledge in practice' are discussed, i.e. the strategies of a ‘division of labour' between researcher and practitioner and of the ‘practitioner-researcher'. It is argued that both strategies have serious validity problems, the former in terms of the researcher understanding ‘too little' of his/her own theoretical and empirical research findings, and the latter in terms of the researcher understanding ‘too much' so that objectivity is jeopardized.
|Number of pages||29|
|Publication status||Published - 2008|
- Action Research
- Philosophy of Science