Finite element evaluation of the effects of curvature in lamb waves for composites structural health monitoring

Guilherme André Santana*, Mohammad Malekan, Alexandre Martins Araújo, Lázaro Valentim Donadon, Carlos Alberto Cimini

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Abstract

This work presents the effect of the high curvature to thickness ratio on the characteristics of Lamb Waves propagating over the skins of composite structures. It is accessed how the curvature on composite skins affects the group velocity of the symmetrical (S0) and asymmetrical (A0) wave modes. It is also accessed the gradient of curvature effect, when the wave propagates from a flat to a curved part on the skin. The results are intended to be used for the improvement of structural health monitoring of wings and wind turbine blades. This is accomplished through dynamic explicit linear finite element method simulations of plates with flat and curved parts made of Eglass-epoxy bidirectional laminate. As the skin structures are often designed to withstand torsional loads, the fibers are aligned with 45 degrees from the leading edge (curved region) throughout the analysis. Several skins with different curvature to thickness ratios are generated and simulated. Results and trends are presented and can be used to improve the algorithms for damage detection on those structures. It is shown that the group velocity of the incoming waves change considerably with the presence of curvature, for both main modes of vibration.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere127
JournalLatin American Journal of Solids and Structures
Volume15
Issue number10
Number of pages21
ISSN1679-7817
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 5. Oct 2018
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors would like to acknowledge CNPQ and CAPES for the funding of the present work, as well as the Mecbio laboratory at the Departamento de Engenharia de Estruturas (DEES) of UFMG that contributed with the Software licensing used for all the simulations inside this work. The second author acknowledge support from the São Paulo State Research Foundation (FAPESP, Grant no. 2017/20994-1).

Keywords

  • Composites
  • Curvature
  • Gfrp
  • Glass fiber
  • Lamb waves
  • Shm
  • Tdfem

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