Fast-track hip and knee arthroplasty in older adults-a prospective cohort of 1,427 procedures in patients ≥85 years

Pelle Baggesgaard Petersen, Christoffer Calov Jørgensen, Henrik Kehlet, Lundbeck Foundation Centre for Fast-Track Hip and Knee Replacement Collaborative Group

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: fast-track protocols in total hip and knee arthroplasty (THA/TKA) have improved postoperative recovery and reduced postoperative morbidity. Additionally, increasing life expectancy and improved surgical techniques have led to an increasing number of older adult patients undergoing THA/TKA. However, no large detailed studies on fast-track THA/TKA in older adults are available. Consequently, we aimed to describe the length of stay (LOS) and postoperative morbidity in a large cohort of patients ≥85 years within a continuous multicentre fast-track collaboration. METHODS: we used a prospective observational cohort design with unselected consecutive data between 2010 and 2017 on primary elective THA and TKA patients ≥85 years. Data were obtained from nine centres reporting to the Lundbeck Foundation Centre for Fast-track Hip and Knee Replacement database and the Danish National Patient Registry on LOS, readmissions and mortality. Causes of morbidity were determined by review of health records. RESULTS: we included 1,427 (3.9% of all THA/TKA) procedures with 62.3% THA. Median age was 87 (IQR: 85-88) years with 71% women. LOS decreased from median 4 (3-6) days in 2010 to 2 (2-3) days in 2017. The proportion with LOS > 4 days decreased from 32 to 18%. Readmission and mortality rate remained at about 11.7 and 0.9% after 30 days and 16.0 and 1.5% after 90 days, respectively. CONCLUSION: this detailed large multicentre fast-track THA/TKA study in patients ≥85 years found major reductions in LOS without increase in readmission or mortality rates. The unchanged readmission rate poses an area for further improvements.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAge and Ageing
Volume49
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)425-431
Number of pages7
ISSN0002-0729
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 27. Apr 2020

Keywords

  • arthroplasty
  • fast-track
  • older people
  • orthopaedic
  • outcomes
  • surgery

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