Fast and accurate pseudo multispectral technique for whole-brain MRI tissue classification

Chemseddine Fatnassi, Habib Zaidi*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Numerous strategies have been proposed to classify brain tissues into gray matter (GM), white matter (WM) and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). However, many of them fail when classifying specific regions with low contrast between tissues. In this work, we propose an alternative pseudo multispectral classification (PMC) technique using CIE LAB spaces instead of gray scale T1-weighted MPRAGE images, combined with a new preprocessing technique for contrast enhancement and an optimized iterative K-means clustering. To improve the accuracy of the classification process, gray scale images were converted to multispectral CIE LAB data by applying several transformation matrices. Thus, the amount of information associated with each image voxel was increased. The image contrast was then enhanced by applying a real time function that separates brain tissue distributions and improve image contrast in certain brain regions. The data were then classified using an optimized iterative and convergent K-means classifier. The performance of the proposed approach was assessed using simulation and in vivo human studies through comparison with three common software packages used for brain MR image segmentation, namely FSL, SPM8 and K-means clustering. In the presence of high SNR, the results showed that the four algorithms achieve a good classification. Conversely, in the presence of low SNR, PMC was shown to outperform the other methods by accurately recovering all tissue volumes. The quantitative assessment of brain tissue classification for simulated studies showed that the PMC algorithm resulted in a mean Jaccard index (JI) of 0.74 compared to 0.75 for FSL, 0.7 for SPM and 0.8 for K-means. The in vivo human studies showed that the PMC algorithm resulted in a mean JI of 0.92, which reflects a good spatial overlap between segmented and actual volumes, compared to 0.84 for FSL, 0.78 for SPM and 0.66 for K-means. The proposed algorithm presents a high potential for improving the accuracy of automatic brain tissues classification and was found to be accurate even in the presence of high noise level.

Original languageEnglish
Article number145005
JournalPhysics in Medicine and Biology
Volume64
Issue number14
Number of pages16
ISSN0031-9155
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 11. Jul 2019

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Cluster Analysis
Cerebrospinal Fluid
Noise
White Matter
Gray Matter

Keywords

  • brain tissue classification
  • color spaces
  • contrast enhancement
  • MRI
  • segmentation

Cite this

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title = "Fast and accurate pseudo multispectral technique for whole-brain MRI tissue classification",
abstract = "Numerous strategies have been proposed to classify brain tissues into gray matter (GM), white matter (WM) and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). However, many of them fail when classifying specific regions with low contrast between tissues. In this work, we propose an alternative pseudo multispectral classification (PMC) technique using CIE LAB spaces instead of gray scale T1-weighted MPRAGE images, combined with a new preprocessing technique for contrast enhancement and an optimized iterative K-means clustering. To improve the accuracy of the classification process, gray scale images were converted to multispectral CIE LAB data by applying several transformation matrices. Thus, the amount of information associated with each image voxel was increased. The image contrast was then enhanced by applying a real time function that separates brain tissue distributions and improve image contrast in certain brain regions. The data were then classified using an optimized iterative and convergent K-means classifier. The performance of the proposed approach was assessed using simulation and in vivo human studies through comparison with three common software packages used for brain MR image segmentation, namely FSL, SPM8 and K-means clustering. In the presence of high SNR, the results showed that the four algorithms achieve a good classification. Conversely, in the presence of low SNR, PMC was shown to outperform the other methods by accurately recovering all tissue volumes. The quantitative assessment of brain tissue classification for simulated studies showed that the PMC algorithm resulted in a mean Jaccard index (JI) of 0.74 compared to 0.75 for FSL, 0.7 for SPM and 0.8 for K-means. The in vivo human studies showed that the PMC algorithm resulted in a mean JI of 0.92, which reflects a good spatial overlap between segmented and actual volumes, compared to 0.84 for FSL, 0.78 for SPM and 0.66 for K-means. The proposed algorithm presents a high potential for improving the accuracy of automatic brain tissues classification and was found to be accurate even in the presence of high noise level.",
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author = "Chemseddine Fatnassi and Habib Zaidi",
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Fast and accurate pseudo multispectral technique for whole-brain MRI tissue classification. / Fatnassi, Chemseddine; Zaidi, Habib.

In: Physics in Medicine and Biology, Vol. 64, No. 14, 145005, 11.07.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Fast and accurate pseudo multispectral technique for whole-brain MRI tissue classification

AU - Fatnassi, Chemseddine

AU - Zaidi, Habib

PY - 2019/7/11

Y1 - 2019/7/11

N2 - Numerous strategies have been proposed to classify brain tissues into gray matter (GM), white matter (WM) and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). However, many of them fail when classifying specific regions with low contrast between tissues. In this work, we propose an alternative pseudo multispectral classification (PMC) technique using CIE LAB spaces instead of gray scale T1-weighted MPRAGE images, combined with a new preprocessing technique for contrast enhancement and an optimized iterative K-means clustering. To improve the accuracy of the classification process, gray scale images were converted to multispectral CIE LAB data by applying several transformation matrices. Thus, the amount of information associated with each image voxel was increased. The image contrast was then enhanced by applying a real time function that separates brain tissue distributions and improve image contrast in certain brain regions. The data were then classified using an optimized iterative and convergent K-means classifier. The performance of the proposed approach was assessed using simulation and in vivo human studies through comparison with three common software packages used for brain MR image segmentation, namely FSL, SPM8 and K-means clustering. In the presence of high SNR, the results showed that the four algorithms achieve a good classification. Conversely, in the presence of low SNR, PMC was shown to outperform the other methods by accurately recovering all tissue volumes. The quantitative assessment of brain tissue classification for simulated studies showed that the PMC algorithm resulted in a mean Jaccard index (JI) of 0.74 compared to 0.75 for FSL, 0.7 for SPM and 0.8 for K-means. The in vivo human studies showed that the PMC algorithm resulted in a mean JI of 0.92, which reflects a good spatial overlap between segmented and actual volumes, compared to 0.84 for FSL, 0.78 for SPM and 0.66 for K-means. The proposed algorithm presents a high potential for improving the accuracy of automatic brain tissues classification and was found to be accurate even in the presence of high noise level.

AB - Numerous strategies have been proposed to classify brain tissues into gray matter (GM), white matter (WM) and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). However, many of them fail when classifying specific regions with low contrast between tissues. In this work, we propose an alternative pseudo multispectral classification (PMC) technique using CIE LAB spaces instead of gray scale T1-weighted MPRAGE images, combined with a new preprocessing technique for contrast enhancement and an optimized iterative K-means clustering. To improve the accuracy of the classification process, gray scale images were converted to multispectral CIE LAB data by applying several transformation matrices. Thus, the amount of information associated with each image voxel was increased. The image contrast was then enhanced by applying a real time function that separates brain tissue distributions and improve image contrast in certain brain regions. The data were then classified using an optimized iterative and convergent K-means classifier. The performance of the proposed approach was assessed using simulation and in vivo human studies through comparison with three common software packages used for brain MR image segmentation, namely FSL, SPM8 and K-means clustering. In the presence of high SNR, the results showed that the four algorithms achieve a good classification. Conversely, in the presence of low SNR, PMC was shown to outperform the other methods by accurately recovering all tissue volumes. The quantitative assessment of brain tissue classification for simulated studies showed that the PMC algorithm resulted in a mean Jaccard index (JI) of 0.74 compared to 0.75 for FSL, 0.7 for SPM and 0.8 for K-means. The in vivo human studies showed that the PMC algorithm resulted in a mean JI of 0.92, which reflects a good spatial overlap between segmented and actual volumes, compared to 0.84 for FSL, 0.78 for SPM and 0.66 for K-means. The proposed algorithm presents a high potential for improving the accuracy of automatic brain tissues classification and was found to be accurate even in the presence of high noise level.

KW - brain tissue classification

KW - color spaces

KW - contrast enhancement

KW - MRI

KW - segmentation

U2 - 10.1088/1361-6560/ab239e

DO - 10.1088/1361-6560/ab239e

M3 - Journal article

VL - 64

JO - Physics in Medicine and Biology

JF - Physics in Medicine and Biology

SN - 0031-9155

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M1 - 145005

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