Factors associated with dropping out of medical school: a literature review

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference abstract in proceedingsResearch

Abstract

 

Presenter:

Lotte D. O'Neill, MMedEd, Institute of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark.

Co-authors:

Birgitta Wallstedt, MSc, Unit for Educational Development, University of Southern Denmark; Berit Eika, MD, MHPE, MI, PhD, Unit for Medical Education, University of Aarhus; Jan Hartvigsen, PhD, Institute of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark.

 

Title: Factors associated with dropping out of medical school: a literature review.   

 

Background: Considerable resources are spent on medical school selection and the competition for places is usually fierce. Dropping out must therefore be the worst possible performance outcome in medical education. What do we know about factors associated with dropping out of medical school?

Summary of work: A systematic critical literature review of the international peer-reviewed research literature on medical education is ongoing. Inclusion criteria are: Study population=medical students, outcome=dropout, follow up period=minimum 1 year, study designs=cohort/case-control/experimental. An experienced research librarian performed a primary search of the databases PubMed, ERIC, PsycINFO and Embase in April 2009. Studies are reviewed and quality appraised on 6 domains of potential bias in prognostic type studies, namely: study participation, study attrition, prognostic factor measurement, confounder measurement and account, outcome measurements, and analysis.1

Summary of preliminary results: The primary search resulted in 625 records of which 84 appeared relevant after screening abstracts/titles. Premature results indicate that only a few (pro tem~9) studies use regression type analysis. The majority of studies are simple group comparisons of attrition rates, most with insufficient control of confounding. Very few studies examine school/curriculum related factors associated with attrition.

Conclusions: To be presented.

Take home messages: To be presented.

 

Hayden JA, Côté P, Bombardier C. Evaluation of the quality of prognosis studies in systematic reviews. Ann Int Med. 2006;144 (6): 427-37.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication Assessment of Competence in Medicine and the Healthcare Professions.14th Ottawa Conference. : Conference Abstracts
PublisherAssociation for Medical Education in Europe (AMEE)
Publication date2010
Pages138-139
Publication statusPublished - 2010
EventOttawa Conference 2010 - Miami, United States
Duration: 15. May 201020. May 2010

Conference

ConferenceOttawa Conference 2010
CountryUnited States
CityMiami
Period15/05/201020/05/2010

Fingerprint

Denmark
Medical Education
Medical Schools
3-Methoxy-4-hydroxyphenylethanol
Librarians
Research
PubMed
Curriculum
Cohort Studies
Regression Analysis
Databases
Population

Keywords

  • Medical education
  • Health science education
  • Student selection
  • Admission
  • Student performance outcome
  • Student attrition
  • Systematic review

Cite this

O'Neill, L. D. (2010). Factors associated with dropping out of medical school: a literature review. In Assessment of Competence in Medicine and the Healthcare Professions.14th Ottawa Conference.: Conference Abstracts (pp. 138-139). Association for Medical Education in Europe (AMEE).
O'Neill, Lotte Dyhrberg. / Factors associated with dropping out of medical school: a literature review. Assessment of Competence in Medicine and the Healthcare Professions.14th Ottawa Conference.: Conference Abstracts. Association for Medical Education in Europe (AMEE), 2010. pp. 138-139
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O'Neill, LD 2010, Factors associated with dropping out of medical school: a literature review. in Assessment of Competence in Medicine and the Healthcare Professions.14th Ottawa Conference.: Conference Abstracts. Association for Medical Education in Europe (AMEE), pp. 138-139, Ottawa Conference 2010, Miami, United States, 15/05/2010.

Factors associated with dropping out of medical school: a literature review. / O'Neill, Lotte Dyhrberg.

Assessment of Competence in Medicine and the Healthcare Professions.14th Ottawa Conference.: Conference Abstracts. Association for Medical Education in Europe (AMEE), 2010. p. 138-139.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference abstract in proceedingsResearch

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T1 - Factors associated with dropping out of medical school: a literature review

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N2 -   Presenter:Lotte D. O'Neill, MMedEd, Institute of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark.Co-authors:Birgitta Wallstedt, MSc, Unit for Educational Development, University of Southern Denmark; Berit Eika, MD, MHPE, MI, PhD, Unit for Medical Education, University of Aarhus; Jan Hartvigsen, PhD, Institute of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark. Title: Factors associated with dropping out of medical school: a literature review.     Background: Considerable resources are spent on medical school selection and the competition for places is usually fierce. Dropping out must therefore be the worst possible performance outcome in medical education. What do we know about factors associated with dropping out of medical school? Summary of work: A systematic critical literature review of the international peer-reviewed research literature on medical education is ongoing. Inclusion criteria are: Study population=medical students, outcome=dropout, follow up period=minimum 1 year, study designs=cohort/case-control/experimental. An experienced research librarian performed a primary search of the databases PubMed, ERIC, PsycINFO and Embase in April 2009. Studies are reviewed and quality appraised on 6 domains of potential bias in prognostic type studies, namely: study participation, study attrition, prognostic factor measurement, confounder measurement and account, outcome measurements, and analysis.1Summary of preliminary results: The primary search resulted in 625 records of which 84 appeared relevant after screening abstracts/titles. Premature results indicate that only a few (pro tem~9) studies use regression type analysis. The majority of studies are simple group comparisons of attrition rates, most with insufficient control of confounding. Very few studies examine school/curriculum related factors associated with attrition. Conclusions: To be presented.Take home messages: To be presented.  Hayden JA, Côté P, Bombardier C. Evaluation of the quality of prognosis studies in systematic reviews. Ann Int Med. 2006;144 (6): 427-37.

AB -   Presenter:Lotte D. O'Neill, MMedEd, Institute of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark.Co-authors:Birgitta Wallstedt, MSc, Unit for Educational Development, University of Southern Denmark; Berit Eika, MD, MHPE, MI, PhD, Unit for Medical Education, University of Aarhus; Jan Hartvigsen, PhD, Institute of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark. Title: Factors associated with dropping out of medical school: a literature review.     Background: Considerable resources are spent on medical school selection and the competition for places is usually fierce. Dropping out must therefore be the worst possible performance outcome in medical education. What do we know about factors associated with dropping out of medical school? Summary of work: A systematic critical literature review of the international peer-reviewed research literature on medical education is ongoing. Inclusion criteria are: Study population=medical students, outcome=dropout, follow up period=minimum 1 year, study designs=cohort/case-control/experimental. An experienced research librarian performed a primary search of the databases PubMed, ERIC, PsycINFO and Embase in April 2009. Studies are reviewed and quality appraised on 6 domains of potential bias in prognostic type studies, namely: study participation, study attrition, prognostic factor measurement, confounder measurement and account, outcome measurements, and analysis.1Summary of preliminary results: The primary search resulted in 625 records of which 84 appeared relevant after screening abstracts/titles. Premature results indicate that only a few (pro tem~9) studies use regression type analysis. The majority of studies are simple group comparisons of attrition rates, most with insufficient control of confounding. Very few studies examine school/curriculum related factors associated with attrition. Conclusions: To be presented.Take home messages: To be presented.  Hayden JA, Côté P, Bombardier C. Evaluation of the quality of prognosis studies in systematic reviews. Ann Int Med. 2006;144 (6): 427-37.

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KW - Systematisk kritisk litteraturstudie

KW - Medical education

KW - Health science education

KW - Student selection

KW - Admission

KW - Student performance outcome

KW - Student attrition

KW - Systematic review

M3 - Conference abstract in proceedings

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EP - 139

BT - Assessment of Competence in Medicine and the Healthcare Professions.14th Ottawa Conference.

PB - Association for Medical Education in Europe (AMEE)

ER -

O'Neill LD. Factors associated with dropping out of medical school: a literature review. In Assessment of Competence in Medicine and the Healthcare Professions.14th Ottawa Conference.: Conference Abstracts. Association for Medical Education in Europe (AMEE). 2010. p. 138-139