Factors affecting elite athletes’ mental health: A systematic review

Research output: Contribution to conference without publisher/journalConference abstract for conferenceResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Aim: The purpose of this study was to provide a systematic mapping review of factors related to mental health (MH) of elite athletes.
Method: Through a systematic database search, a total of 43 empirical studies were included in this review. The studies were evaluated and are reported according to sample characteristics, research design, and factors affecting elite athletes’ MH.
Results: Studies examined a wide range of sports and ages. Sample sizes ranged from 8 to 2067 and were recruited both in individual and team sports mainly in Europe and Australia. Researchers used quantitative (84%), qualitative (11%), and mixed-method (5%) designs. Across the studies, we identified a total of 82 correlates related to athletes’ MH. Eighty-one percent of the studies examined personal risk factors (e.g., injury, ineffective coping), while 37% of the studies examines sport-environmental risk factors (e.g., deselection). Personal protective factors (e.g., recovery) were investigated in 30% of the studies, while 25 % of the studies investigated sport-environmental protective factors (e.g., trusting climate).
Conclusions: Previous studies focusing on athletes’ MH have mostly investigated the prevalence of athletes’ mental ill-health (e.g., depression, anxiety) and the related factors compromising MH. The few qualitative studies provide some insights into potential protective factors and consider MH as a resource for a successful and sustainable sports career. We advocate that future studies include the whole spectrum of the mental health continuum (i.e., from languishing to flourishing; Keyes, 2002) with an increased focus on the role of the (sport) environment and the athlete-environment fit.
Original languageEnglish
Publication date2019
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Event15th European Congress of Sport & Exercise Psychology (FEPSAC) - University of Münster, Münster, Germany
Duration: 15. Jul 201920. Jul 2019
https://www.fepsac2019.eu/

Conference

Conference15th European Congress of Sport & Exercise Psychology (FEPSAC)
LocationUniversity of Münster
CountryGermany
CityMünster
Period15/07/201920/07/2019
Internet address

Fingerprint

Athletes
Mental Health
Sample Size
Research Design
Research Personnel
Databases
Depression
Wounds and Injuries
Protective Factors

Keywords

  • elite athletes
  • mental health
  • systematic review
  • sport
  • well-being

Cite this

Küttel, A., & Larsen, C. H. (2019). Factors affecting elite athletes’ mental health: A systematic review. Abstract from 15th European Congress of Sport & Exercise Psychology (FEPSAC), Münster, Germany.
Küttel, Andreas ; Larsen, Carsten Hvid. / Factors affecting elite athletes’ mental health: A systematic review. Abstract from 15th European Congress of Sport & Exercise Psychology (FEPSAC), Münster, Germany.
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Küttel, A & Larsen, CH 2019, 'Factors affecting elite athletes’ mental health: A systematic review', 15th European Congress of Sport & Exercise Psychology (FEPSAC), Münster, Germany, 15/07/2019 - 20/07/2019.

Factors affecting elite athletes’ mental health: A systematic review. / Küttel, Andreas; Larsen, Carsten Hvid.

2019. Abstract from 15th European Congress of Sport & Exercise Psychology (FEPSAC), Münster, Germany.

Research output: Contribution to conference without publisher/journalConference abstract for conferenceResearchpeer-review

TY - ABST

T1 - Factors affecting elite athletes’ mental health: A systematic review

AU - Küttel, Andreas

AU - Larsen, Carsten Hvid

PY - 2019

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N2 - Aim: The purpose of this study was to provide a systematic mapping review of factors related to mental health (MH) of elite athletes.Method: Through a systematic database search, a total of 43 empirical studies were included in this review. The studies were evaluated and are reported according to sample characteristics, research design, and factors affecting elite athletes’ MH.Results: Studies examined a wide range of sports and ages. Sample sizes ranged from 8 to 2067 and were recruited both in individual and team sports mainly in Europe and Australia. Researchers used quantitative (84%), qualitative (11%), and mixed-method (5%) designs. Across the studies, we identified a total of 82 correlates related to athletes’ MH. Eighty-one percent of the studies examined personal risk factors (e.g., injury, ineffective coping), while 37% of the studies examines sport-environmental risk factors (e.g., deselection). Personal protective factors (e.g., recovery) were investigated in 30% of the studies, while 25 % of the studies investigated sport-environmental protective factors (e.g., trusting climate).Conclusions: Previous studies focusing on athletes’ MH have mostly investigated the prevalence of athletes’ mental ill-health (e.g., depression, anxiety) and the related factors compromising MH. The few qualitative studies provide some insights into potential protective factors and consider MH as a resource for a successful and sustainable sports career. We advocate that future studies include the whole spectrum of the mental health continuum (i.e., from languishing to flourishing; Keyes, 2002) with an increased focus on the role of the (sport) environment and the athlete-environment fit.

AB - Aim: The purpose of this study was to provide a systematic mapping review of factors related to mental health (MH) of elite athletes.Method: Through a systematic database search, a total of 43 empirical studies were included in this review. The studies were evaluated and are reported according to sample characteristics, research design, and factors affecting elite athletes’ MH.Results: Studies examined a wide range of sports and ages. Sample sizes ranged from 8 to 2067 and were recruited both in individual and team sports mainly in Europe and Australia. Researchers used quantitative (84%), qualitative (11%), and mixed-method (5%) designs. Across the studies, we identified a total of 82 correlates related to athletes’ MH. Eighty-one percent of the studies examined personal risk factors (e.g., injury, ineffective coping), while 37% of the studies examines sport-environmental risk factors (e.g., deselection). Personal protective factors (e.g., recovery) were investigated in 30% of the studies, while 25 % of the studies investigated sport-environmental protective factors (e.g., trusting climate).Conclusions: Previous studies focusing on athletes’ MH have mostly investigated the prevalence of athletes’ mental ill-health (e.g., depression, anxiety) and the related factors compromising MH. The few qualitative studies provide some insights into potential protective factors and consider MH as a resource for a successful and sustainable sports career. We advocate that future studies include the whole spectrum of the mental health continuum (i.e., from languishing to flourishing; Keyes, 2002) with an increased focus on the role of the (sport) environment and the athlete-environment fit.

KW - elite athletes

KW - mental health

KW - systematic review

KW - sport

KW - well-being

M3 - Conference abstract for conference

ER -

Küttel A, Larsen CH. Factors affecting elite athletes’ mental health: A systematic review. 2019. Abstract from 15th European Congress of Sport & Exercise Psychology (FEPSAC), Münster, Germany.