Some patients may have partial or complete deficiency of dihydropyrimidin dehydrogenase (DPD) and be more likely to experience severe toxicity with 5-fluorouracil. Since the spring of 2020, the Danish Medicines Agency has recommended genotype or phenotype testing before treatment with a fluoropyrimidine, but the most appropriate test strategy is debated. In this review, we present polymorphisms in the genes coding for DPD and summarise the evidence for DPD-enzyme deficiency testing and pharmacokinetic guided dosing.
|Translated title of the contribution||Phenotype- or genotype test for dihydropyrimidin dehydrogenase deficiency before treatment with a fluoropyrimidine|
|Journal||Ugeskrift for Laeger|
|Publication status||E-pub ahead of print - 8. Feb 2021|