Explaining educational differences in leisure-time physical activity in Europe: the contribution of work-related factors

T E Mäkinen, R Sippola, K Borodulin, O Rahkonen, A Kunst, J Klumbiene, E Regidor, Ola Ekholm, J Mackenbach, R Prättälä

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    Although educational differences in leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) exist across Europe, the independent effect of educational level on leisure-time physical activity has rarely been explored. This study examines the relative contribution of occupational class, employment status, and educational level to LTPA across 12 European countries. The data were obtained from 12 European health surveys conducted at the turn of the century and identified in the EUROTHINE project. All information was self-reported. Logistic regression was applied and relative inequality index (RII) was calculated. Analyses were limited to those in the prime working-age (age 30-59; total N=137 646) men and women. In all 12 European countries, LTPA was more common in the high-educated than in the low-educated. The association between education and LTPA remained mostly unchanged after adjusting for marital status, urbanization, and self-rated health. After further adjusting for occupational class and employment status, the educational differences in LTPA were only slightly attenuated. An inverse association was found between educational level and LTPA across almost all 12 European countries. Occupational class and employment status had only a modest effect on educational differences in LTPA in most of the examined countries, suggesting that education remains an important predictor of LTPA.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalScandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
    Volume22
    Issue number3
    Pages (from-to)439-447
    ISSN0905-7188
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2011

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    Leisure Activities
    Exercise
    Education
    Urbanization
    Marital Status
    Health Surveys
    Logistic Models
    Health

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    Mäkinen, T E ; Sippola, R ; Borodulin, K ; Rahkonen, O ; Kunst, A ; Klumbiene, J ; Regidor, E ; Ekholm, Ola ; Mackenbach, J ; Prättälä, R. / Explaining educational differences in leisure-time physical activity in Europe: the contribution of work-related factors. In: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports. 2011 ; Vol. 22, No. 3. pp. 439-447.
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    abstract = "Although educational differences in leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) exist across Europe, the independent effect of educational level on leisure-time physical activity has rarely been explored. This study examines the relative contribution of occupational class, employment status, and educational level to LTPA across 12 European countries. The data were obtained from 12 European health surveys conducted at the turn of the century and identified in the EUROTHINE project. All information was self-reported. Logistic regression was applied and relative inequality index (RII) was calculated. Analyses were limited to those in the prime working-age (age 30-59; total N=137 646) men and women. In all 12 European countries, LTPA was more common in the high-educated than in the low-educated. The association between education and LTPA remained mostly unchanged after adjusting for marital status, urbanization, and self-rated health. After further adjusting for occupational class and employment status, the educational differences in LTPA were only slightly attenuated. An inverse association was found between educational level and LTPA across almost all 12 European countries. Occupational class and employment status had only a modest effect on educational differences in LTPA in most of the examined countries, suggesting that education remains an important predictor of LTPA.",
    author = "M{\"a}kinen, {T E} and R Sippola and K Borodulin and O Rahkonen and A Kunst and J Klumbiene and E Regidor and Ola Ekholm and J Mackenbach and R Pr{\"a}tt{\"a}l{\"a}",
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    Mäkinen, TE, Sippola, R, Borodulin, K, Rahkonen, O, Kunst, A, Klumbiene, J, Regidor, E, Ekholm, O, Mackenbach, J & Prättälä, R 2011, 'Explaining educational differences in leisure-time physical activity in Europe: the contribution of work-related factors', Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 439-447. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0838.2010.01234.x

    Explaining educational differences in leisure-time physical activity in Europe: the contribution of work-related factors. / Mäkinen, T E; Sippola, R; Borodulin, K; Rahkonen, O; Kunst, A; Klumbiene, J; Regidor, E; Ekholm, Ola; Mackenbach, J; Prättälä, R.

    In: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, Vol. 22, No. 3, 2011, p. 439-447.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Explaining educational differences in leisure-time physical activity in Europe: the contribution of work-related factors

    AU - Mäkinen, T E

    AU - Sippola, R

    AU - Borodulin, K

    AU - Rahkonen, O

    AU - Kunst, A

    AU - Klumbiene, J

    AU - Regidor, E

    AU - Ekholm, Ola

    AU - Mackenbach, J

    AU - Prättälä, R

    N1 - © 2010 John Wiley & Sons A/S.

    PY - 2011

    Y1 - 2011

    N2 - Although educational differences in leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) exist across Europe, the independent effect of educational level on leisure-time physical activity has rarely been explored. This study examines the relative contribution of occupational class, employment status, and educational level to LTPA across 12 European countries. The data were obtained from 12 European health surveys conducted at the turn of the century and identified in the EUROTHINE project. All information was self-reported. Logistic regression was applied and relative inequality index (RII) was calculated. Analyses were limited to those in the prime working-age (age 30-59; total N=137 646) men and women. In all 12 European countries, LTPA was more common in the high-educated than in the low-educated. The association between education and LTPA remained mostly unchanged after adjusting for marital status, urbanization, and self-rated health. After further adjusting for occupational class and employment status, the educational differences in LTPA were only slightly attenuated. An inverse association was found between educational level and LTPA across almost all 12 European countries. Occupational class and employment status had only a modest effect on educational differences in LTPA in most of the examined countries, suggesting that education remains an important predictor of LTPA.

    AB - Although educational differences in leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) exist across Europe, the independent effect of educational level on leisure-time physical activity has rarely been explored. This study examines the relative contribution of occupational class, employment status, and educational level to LTPA across 12 European countries. The data were obtained from 12 European health surveys conducted at the turn of the century and identified in the EUROTHINE project. All information was self-reported. Logistic regression was applied and relative inequality index (RII) was calculated. Analyses were limited to those in the prime working-age (age 30-59; total N=137 646) men and women. In all 12 European countries, LTPA was more common in the high-educated than in the low-educated. The association between education and LTPA remained mostly unchanged after adjusting for marital status, urbanization, and self-rated health. After further adjusting for occupational class and employment status, the educational differences in LTPA were only slightly attenuated. An inverse association was found between educational level and LTPA across almost all 12 European countries. Occupational class and employment status had only a modest effect on educational differences in LTPA in most of the examined countries, suggesting that education remains an important predictor of LTPA.

    U2 - 10.1111/j.1600-0838.2010.01234.x

    DO - 10.1111/j.1600-0838.2010.01234.x

    M3 - Journal article

    VL - 22

    SP - 439

    EP - 447

    JO - Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports

    JF - Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports

    SN - 0905-7188

    IS - 3

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