Exercise Therapy for Knee and Hip Osteoarthritis: Is There An Ideal Prescription?

James Young*, Julie Rønne Pedersen, Alessio Bricca

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


Purpose of review
Exercise therapy is the first line treatment for patients with knee and hip osteoarthritis (OA) but is consistently underutilized. In this review, we aim to provide health care professionals with an overview of the latest evidence in the areas of exercise therapy for OA, which can serve as a guide for incorporating the ideal exercise therapy prescription in the overall management plan for their patients with OA.

Recent findings
Evidence continues to be produced supporting the use of exercise therapy for all patients with knee or hip OA. Ample evidence exists suggesting exercise therapy is a safe form of treatment, for both joint structures and the patient overall. Several systematic reviews show that exercise therapy is likely to improve patient outcomes, regardless of disease severity or comorbidities. However, no single type of exercise therapy is superior to others.

Health care practitioners and patients should be encouraged to incorporate exercise therapy into treatment plans and can be assured of the safety profile and likelihood of improvement in important patient outcomes. Since no single exercise therapy program shows vastly superior benefit, patient preference and contextual factors should be central to the shared decision-making process when selecting and individualising appropriate exercise therapy prescriptions.
Original languageEnglish
JournalCurrent Treatment Options in Rheumatology
Pages (from-to)82-98
Publication statusPublished - 20. May 2023


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