Excitation of Surface Plasmon Polaritons by Fluorescent Light from Organic Nanofibers

Elżbieta Karolina Sobolewska, Leszek Jozefowski, Tomasz Kawalec, Till Leißner, Horst-Günter Rubahn, Jost Adam, Jacek Fiutowski

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Micro- and nano-scale systems with defined active elements acting as local surface plasmons polariton (SPP) sources are crucial for the development of future plasmonic circuits. We demonstrate SPP excitation by fluorescent light from crystalline organic para-hexaphenylene nanofibers deposited on a dielectric/metal surface. We characterize the SPPs using angle-resolved leakage radiation spectroscopy, in the excitation wavelength range 420 – 675 nm, corresponding to the nanofiber photoluminescence band. The nanofiber arrangement’s capability to act as an SPP coupler for coherent as well as non-coherent excitation indicates its prospect for future integrated systems. To support our experimental results, we investigate the proposed geometries by analytical calculations and finite-difference-time-domain (FDTD) modelling. The experimentally obtained angular leakage radiation peak positions can readily be predicted by our analytical calculations. Nevertheless, the experimental results exhibit a distinct asymmetry in the peak intensities. In agreement with our FDTD calculations, we address this asymmetrical SPP excitation to the nanofiber molecular orientation. The proposed structure’s high flexibility, the ease of selective positioning of organic nanofibers, together with the gained insight into its photon-SPP coupling mechanism show great promise towards future local SPP excitation-based integrated devices.
Original languageEnglish
JournalOptics Communications
Volume402
Pages (from-to)630-634
ISSN0030-4018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Keywords

  • Surface Plasmon Polaritons
  • Organic nanofibers
  • leakage radiation spectroscopy
  • Surface Plasmon Coupled Emission

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