Examining Multiscale Movement Coordination in Collaborative Problem Solving

Travis Wiltshire, Sune Vork Steffensen

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    During collaborative problem solving (CPS), coordination
    occurs at different spatial and temporal scales. This multiscale coordination should, at least on some scales, play a functional
    role in facilitating effective collaboration outcomes. To
    evaluate this, we conducted a study of computer-based CPS
    with 42 dyads. We used cross-wavelet coherence as a way to examine the degree to which movement coordination is evident at a variety of scales and tested whether the observed coordination was greater than
    both the amount expected due to chance and due to task demands. We found that coordination at scales less than 2s was greater than expected due to chance and at most scales (except 16s, 1m, and 2m) was greater than expected due to task demands. Lastly, we evaluated whether the degree of coherence at scales less than
    2s, and the form of coordination (in terms of relative phase), were
    predictive of CPS performance. We found that .25s and 1s scales were predictive of performance. When including relative phase, our results suggest that higher in-phase movement coordination at the 1s scale was the strongest predictor of CPS performance. We discuss these findings and detail their relevance for expanding our knowledge on how coordination facilitates CPS.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publication39th Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society (CogSci 2017) : Computational Foundations of Cognition
    Volume1
    PublisherCognitive Science Society
    Publication date2017
    Pages1345-1350
    ISBN (Electronic)978-1-5108-4661-6
    Publication statusPublished - 2017
    Event39th Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society - Hilton London Metropole, London, United Kingdom
    Duration: 26. Jul 201729. Jul 2017
    Conference number: 39

    Conference

    Conference39th Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society
    Number39
    LocationHilton London Metropole
    Country/TerritoryUnited Kingdom
    CityLondon
    Period26/07/201729/07/2017

    Keywords

    • coordination
    • collaboration
    • problem solving
    • team performance
    • dynamical systems
    • synchrony
    • Cognition

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