Evaluation of the effects of fucoidans from fucus species and laminaria hyperborea against oxidative stress and iron-dependent cell death

Philipp Dörschmann, Sarah Apitz, Inga Hellige, Sandesh Neupane, Susanne Alban, Georg Kopplin, Signe Ptak, Xavier Fretté, Johann Roider, Marietta Zille, Alexa Klettner*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Abstract

Fucoidans are algal polysaccharides that exhibit protective properties against oxidative stress. The aim of this study was to investigate different fucoidans from brown seaweeds for their ability to protect against iron-dependent oxidative stress (ferroptosis), a main hallmark of retinal and brain diseases, including hemorrhage. We investigated five new high-molecular weight fucoidan extracts from Fucus vesiculosus, F. serratus, and F. distichus subsp. evanescens, a previously published Laminaria hyperborean extract, and commercially available extracts from F. vesiculosus and Undaria pinnatifida. We induced oxidative stress by glutathione depletion (erastin) and H2O2 in four retinal and neuronal cell lines as well as primary cortical neurons. Only extracts from F. serratus, F. distichus subsp. evanescens, and Laminaria hyperborea were partially protective against erastin-induced cell death in ARPE-19 and OMM-1 cells, while none of the extracts showed beneficial effects in neuronal cells. Protective fucoidans also attenuated the decrease in protein levels of the antioxidant enzyme GPX4, a key regulator of ferroptosis. This comprehensive analysis demonstrates that the antioxidant abilities of fucoidans may be cell type-specific, besides depending on the algal species and extraction method. Future studies are needed to further characterize the health-benefiting effects of fucoidans and to determine the exact mechanism underlying their antioxidative abilities.

Original languageEnglish
Article number557
JournalMarine Drugs
Volume19
Issue number10
Number of pages21
ISSN1660-3397
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2021

Keywords

  • Algae
  • F. distichus subsp. evanescens
  • F. serratus
  • F. vesiculosus
  • Ferroptosis
  • Hemorrhage
  • Neurons
  • Retinal pigment epithelium
  • Seaweed
  • Uveal melanoma

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