Estrogenic effect of the phytoestrogen biochanin A in zebrafish, Danio rerio, and brown trout, Salmo trutta

Henrik Holbech, Kristoffer D Schröder, Louise Marie Nielsen, Nanna Brande-Lavridsen, Bente Frost Holbech, Poul Bjerregaard

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Isoflavones with estrogenic activity produced in Fabaceae plants are known to leach from agricultural areas to freshwater systems, but the effect of waterborne isoflavones in fish has not been thoroughly characterized. Therefore, the estrogenic effect of waterborne biochanin A was investigated in zebrafish (Danio rerio) and juvenile brown trout (Salmo trutta). Exposure of juvenile brown trout to 10μgbiochanin AL -1 or higher caused marked vitellogenin induction after 9-10 days of exposure and so did exposure to 186μgbiochanin AL -1 for 6h. Following 8d of exposure, a NOEC for induction of vitellogenin production in male zebrafish was 70 and LOEC 114μgbiochanin AL -1. Exposure to 209μgbiochanin AL -1 from hatch to 60 days post hatch (dph) caused a skewing of the sex ratio toward more phenotypic female zebrafish, but did not cause induction of vitellogenin in male and undifferentiated fish. In conclusion: (1) biochanin A elicits estrogenic effects in trout at environmentally realistic concentrations, (2) brown trout plasma vitellogenin concentrations respond to lower biochanin A exposure concentrations than vitellogenin concentrations in zebrafish homogenates and (3) concerning vitellogenin induction, the hypothesis should be tested if short term tests with zebrafish may show a higher sensitivity than partial life cycle tests.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAquatic Toxicology
Volume144-145
Pages (from-to)19-25
ISSN0166-445X
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 19. Sep 2013

Keywords

  • Biochanin A
  • Brown trout
  • Sex ratio
  • Vitellogenin
  • Zebrafish

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