Epilepsy in neurodegenerative diseases

Sabrina Neri, Giovanni Mastroianni, Elena Gardella, Umberto Aguglia, Guido Rubboli*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Abstract

Although epilepsy as a comorbidity in neurodegenerative disorders is increasingly recognized, its incidence is still underestimated and the features of epilepsy in the different neurodegenerative conditions are still poorly defined. Improved health care, resulting in increased longevity, will unavoidably lead to an increment of epilepsy cases in the elderly. Thus, it is conceivable to expect that neurologists will have to deal with these comorbid conditions to a growing extent in the future. In this seminar, we provide an updated overview of the clinical features, pathophysiological mechanisms and diagnostic and treatment approaches of epilepsy in the most common neurodegenerative disorders (such as Alzheimer disease and other types of dementia, Parkinson disease, Down syndrome, prion diseases, and progressive myoclonus epilepsies), aiming to provide a tool that can help epileptologists and neurologists in the diagnosis and management of this increasingly reported comorbidity.

Original languageEnglish
JournalEpileptic Disorders
Volume24
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)249-273
ISSN1294-9361
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Epileptic Disorders.

Keywords

  • Alzheimer disease
  • epilepsy
  • late-onset myoclonic epilepsy in Down syndrome
  • neurodegenerative disease
  • Parkinson disease
  • prion disease

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