Energy-efficient operational training in a ship bridge simulator

Signe Jensen, Marie Lützen, Lars Lindegaard Mikkelsen, Hanna Barbara Rasmussen, Poul Vibsig Pedersen, Per Schamby

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Over the recent decades, there has been an increasing focus on energy-efficient operation of vessels. It has become part of the political agenda, where regulation is the main driver, but the maritime industry itself has also been driven towards more energy-efficient operation of the vessels, due to increasing fuel costs. Improving the energy efficiency on board vessels is not only a technical issue - factors such as awareness of the problem, knowledge skills and motivation are also important parameters that must be considered. The paper shows how training in energy-efficient operation and awareness can affect the energy consumption of vessels. The study is based on navigational, full-mission simulator tests conducted at the International Maritime Academy SIMAC. A full-mission simulator is an image of the world allowing the students to obtain skills through learning-by-doing in a safe environment. Human factors and technical issues were included and the test sessions consisted of a combination of practical simulator exercises and reflection workshops. The result of the simulator tests showed that a combination of installing technical equipment and raising awareness - making room for reflections-on and in-action - has a positive effect on energy consumption. The participants, on average, saved approximately 10% in fuel.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Cleaner Production
Pages (from-to)175-183
Publication statusPublished - 10. Jan 2018


  • Awareness
  • Energy efficiency
  • Maritime education
  • STCW
  • Shipping
  • Simulator training


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