Electrically tunable topological phase transition in non-Hermitian optical MEMS metasurfaces

Fei Ding*, Yadong Deng, Chao Meng, Paul C.V. Thrane, Sergey I. Bozhevolnyi*

*Corresponding author for this work

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Exceptional points (EPs), unique junctures in non-Hermitian open systems where eigenvalues and eigenstates simultaneously coalesce, have gained notable attention in photonics because of their enthralling physical principles and unique properties. Nonetheless, the experimental observation of EPs, particularly within the optical domain, has proven rather challenging because of the grueling demand for precise and comprehensive control over the parameter space, further compounded by the necessity for dynamic tunability. Here, we demonstrate the occurrence of optical EPs when operating with an electrically tunable non-Hermitian metasurface platform that synergizes chiral metasurfaces with piezoelectric MEMS mirrors. Moreover, we show that, with a carefully constructed metasurface, a voltage-controlled spectral space can be finely tuned to access not only the chiral EP but also the diabolic point characterized by degenerate eigenvalues and orthogonal eigenstates, thereby allowing for dynamic topological phase transition. Our work paves the way for developing cutting-edge optical devices rooted in EP physics and opening uncharted vistas in dynamic topological photonics.

Original languageEnglish
JournalScience Advances
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2. Feb 2024

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